Tag Archives: Google

US Election: Facebook, Google raise safety efforts.


Facebook on Thursday launched its voting information center as internet platforms unveiled fresh moves to protect the November US election from manipulation and interference.

The hub was described as central to defending against deception and confusion in what promises to be an election roiled by the pandemic and efforts to dupe voters.

The move comes amid a coordinated effort by Facebook, Google and other online platforms to curb the spread of disinformation and thwart efforts to manipulate voters.

Google separately announced new features for its search engine to provide detailed information about how to register and vote, directing users to local election administrators.

Google-owned YouTube will take down content aimed at manipulation, including “videos that contain hacked information about a political candidate shared with the intent to interfere in an election,” according to a statement.


YouTube will also remove videos promoting efforts to interfere with the voting process such as telling viewers to create long voting lines.

The announcements come a day after an industry group, members of which include Google, Microsoft, Reddit, Pinterest and Twitter, met with federal agencies including the FBI’s foreign influence task force to step up coordination on election interference.

A joint industry statement said the tech platforms, including the Wikimedia Foundation which operates Wikipedia, would be on the lookout for disinformation.

“We know that disinformation and misinformation are at their most virulent in an information vacuum,” Facebook head of security policy Nathaniel Gleicher said on a briefing call with reporters.


“Getting accurate information to voters is one of the best vaccines against disinformation campaigns.”

Facebook has set a goal of helping 4 million people registered to vote in the US.

The hub, which Facebook announced earlier this year, will be prominently positioned at Facebook and Instagram and “will serve as a one-stop-shop to give people in the US the tools and information they need to make their voices heard at the ballot box,” the social media giant said.

This file illustration taken on October 1, 2019 shows the logos of mobile apps Facebook and Google displayed on a tablet in Lille, France. DENIS CHARLET / AFP.

– ‘Hack-and-Leak’ –

Expected attacks include “hack-and-leak” tactics along the lines of what was used against Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton in 2016, Facebook said.


The tactic typically involves state-sponsored actors giving hacked information to traditional media, then exploiting social media platforms to spread the stories, according to Gleicher.

“We know it is an effective technique,” Gleicher said.

Facebook said the voter hub will evolve with the election season, from focusing on registration and poll-worker volunteering matters to how to vote in the pandemic and then tallying of ballots.

“We know we can help millions of people access accurate, reliable information about the election,” vice president of social impact Naomi Gleit said on the briefing call.


“We firmly believe that voting is voice; the best way to hold our leaders accountable.”

Facebook and Instagram users can use the tool to check if they are registered to vote and how to do so if they are not.

“Voting alerts” on the social network which include updates on the election process will be restricted to “pages from a government authority,” Facebook said.

– Tally turbulence –

Facebook is expecting malicious actors to try to exploit uncertainly about the election process or promote violence while votes are being counted, which is expected to take longer than usual due to the pandemic prompting more people to vote by mail.


The social network has created “red teams” and conducted internal exercises to prepare, according to Gleicher.

US President Donal Trump has made unsubstantiated claims about the reliability of voting by mail, which he has done himself.

Facebook’s latest moves come amid concerns over campaigns by governments aimed at influencing elections and public sentiment in other countries through media outlets that disguise their true origins.

State-led influence campaigns were prominent on social media during the 2016 US election and have been seen around the world.


Popular U.S comedian, Sarah Cooper gets Netflix special.


Sarah Cooper, the US comedian whose uncanny lip-synch impersonations of President Donald Trump have gained millions of fans worldwide, will star in her own Netflix special, the streaming giant said Wednesday.

“Sarah Cooper: Everything’s Fine” will be released this fall and feature a variety of satirical political sketches and other vignettes as well as famous guests.

It will be executive produced by Maya Rudolph, whose own Emmy-nominated impressions of Kamala Harris on “Saturday Night Live” have been widely shared since Harris was confirmed Tuesday as the Democrats’ vice-presidential candidate.

Cooper, a former Google employee, shot to fame during the pandemic by lampooning some of Trump’s most infamous outbursts — including his suggestion that injecting disinfectant could help fight the coronavirus.

That 49-second clip — entitled “How to medical” — saw Cooper lip-synch along to Trump’s proposal that bringing “light inside the body” might help combat the disease, while emulating the president’s power-posturing body language.

It has been viewed over 22 million times on Twitter alone.


The 40-something Jamaican-born comedian calls Trump her “head writer,” and has gained over two million Twitter followers as well as celebrity fans such as former president Barack Obama, comedians Steve Martin and Jerry Seinfeld, and “Hamilton” creator Lin-Manuel Miranda.

In this photo illustration, comedian Sarah Cooper’s page is displayed on the TikTok app is displayed on an Apple iPhone on August 7, 2020 in Washington, DC. (Photo Illustration by Drew Angerer/Getty Images)

Cooper is also the author of best-selling books “100 Tricks to Appear Smart in Meetings” and “How to be Successful Without Hurting Men’s Feelings.”

The variety special will be directed by “Russian Doll” star Natasha Lyonne.


Amazon, Apple, Facebook & Google too strong – Antitrust warns


Amazon, Apple, Google and Facebook are too powerful and will likely emerge from the coronavirus pandemic even stronger, the head of a US congressional antitrust committee said Wednesday at a high-stakes hearing featuring the CEOs of the four US tech giants.

“Simply put, they have too much power,” Representative David Cicilline said in his opening remarks at the hearing expected to feature a grilling of the leaders of the technology companies.

“Whether it’s through self-preferencing, predatory pricing, or requiring users to buy additional products, the dominant platforms have wielded their power in destructive, harmful ways in order to expand,” the Democrat from Rhode Island said.

“Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, these corporations already stood out as titans in our economy,” Cicilline said. “In the wake of COVID-19, however, they are likely to emerge stronger and more powerful than ever before.”


Republican Representative Jim Sensenbrenner struck a more moderate tone, saying “being big is not inherently bad.”

“Quite the opposite, in America you should be rewarded for success,” Sensenbrenner said.

The unprecedented joint appearance — remotely by video — before the House Judiciary subcommittee features Tim Cook of Apple, Jeff Bezos of Amazon, Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook and Sundar Pichai of Google and its parent firm Alphabet.

The hearing is part of a probe into the competitive market landscape and antitrust law, but questioning is likely to veer into other areas such as hate speech and content moderation, economic inequality, privacy and data protection and even claims of political “bias” from President Donald Trump and his allies.


Ahead of the hearing, the top executives of the firms sought to offer an upbeat assessment of the tech landscape, highlighting their roots and values and how the companies have benefitted average Americans.

“An important way we contribute is by building products that are helpful to American users in moments big and small, whether they are looking for a faster route home, learning how to cook a new dish on YouTube, or growing a small business,” Pichai said in his remarks.

Only in America
Cook said Apple is “a uniquely American company whose success is only possible in this country,” and that the California giant is “motivated by the mission to put things into the world that enrich people’s lives.”

Bezos, in his first appearance before a congressional committee, spoke of his modest upbringing and initial backing from his parents to start Amazon and its early losses of billions of dollars.


“I walked away from a steady job into a Seattle garage to found my startup, fully understanding that it might not work,” said Bezos, who is the world’s richest person based on his Amazon stake.

Zuckerberg called social media colossus Facebook a “proudly American company” and added that “our story would not have been possible without US laws that encourage competition and innovation.”

But hours ahead of the hearing, fast-growing video app TikTok accused Facebook of “maligning attacks” that are part of a movement “disguised as patriotism and designed to put an end to our very presence in the US.”

TikTok welcomes “fair competition” chief executive Kevin Mayer said in a blog post while adding that “without TikTok, American advertisers would again be left with few choices.”


Political theatre?
The hearing is part of a congressional probe into “online platforms and market power” and takes place against a backdrop of antitrust investigations in the United States, Europe and elsewhere.

Current US antitrust laws make it difficult for enforcers to target companies simply for being large or dominant without also showing harm to consumers or abuse of market power.

The committee, however, could lay a blueprint for antitrust in the digital era that would require a fundamental rewrite of the century-old competition rules.

Some analysts say the hearing could offer fresh insights into how Big Tech “platforms” squelch competition by buying rivals or copying products from rivals.


Apple’s hefty commissions for its App Store and Amazon’s dealings with third-party sellers are expected to come under scrutiny.

Google, which has faced antitrust investigations in Europe, will face questions on whether it favours its own services to the detriment of rivals and Facebook for its dominance of the social media landscape including its acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp.

Robert Atkinson of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a think tank often aligned with the sector, said the political theatre may distract from the issue of competition and focus on issues “from privacy to political speech.”

“These companies create enormous value for hundreds of millions of users and small businesses,” Atkinson said. “Congress shouldn’t twist antitrust law to launch an ill-defined broadside on internet platforms as a class.”


Google admit AirDrop-like feature coming soon


After months of rumors, Google has finally confirmed that its “Nearby Share” feature is on the way. Some Android users are already testing a beta version.

After months of rumors, Google has finally confirmed that its “Nearby Share” feature is on the way. Some Android users are already testing a beta version.

“We’re currently conducting a beta test of a new Nearby Share feature that we plan to share more information on in the future,” Google told Android Police. “Our goal is to launch the feature with support for Android 6+ devices as well as other platforms.”

The feature started showing up in Chrome OS Canary builds earlier this month, indicating that it will work on Chromebooks as well.


Nearby Share looks to function as an Android version of Apple’s AirDrop. You can use it to quickly and wirelessly transfer files between proximate Android phones. Android Police, which got a hands-on with the feature, says it works for photos and videos as well as links and tweets.

Per Android Police, you can’t use Nearby Share to send random things to strangers. A user has to have the function set up and made their phone “visible” (done easily via a Quick Settings tile) before they can receive content, and they must manually accept a file they’re receiving before it opens.

Samsung has been working on a similar feature called Quick Share, which allows you to blast files to as many as five friends at a time. (AirDrop is one to one.) The advantage of Nearby Share, though, is that it should work with Android products across manufacturers, while Quick Share is currently only intended for Samsung devices.



Autopsies reveal U.S COVID-19 death weeks before first reported fatality

Two people who died in California in early and mid February were confirmed Tuesday as coronavirus cases — weeks before the first reported COVID-19 fatality in the United States.

Autopsies on the two individuals who died at home on February 6 and February 17 showed they had succumbed to COVID-19, the Santa Clara County coroner said, after receiving confirmation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Another person who passed away in Santa Clara County on March 6 also died of the disease caused by the coronavirus, the medical examiner-coroner said in a statement.

“These three individuals died at home during a time when very limited testing was available only through the CDC,” the coroner said.

“Testing criteria set by the CDC at the time restricted testing to only individuals with a known travel history and who sought medical care for specific symptoms.”

The coroner said they expected to identify more coronavirus-related fatalities in Santa Clara.

“As the medical examiner-coroner continues to carefully investigate deaths throughout the county, we anticipate additional deaths from COVID-19 will be identified.”

The earliest death attributed to the coronavirus was previously thought to be on February 26 in Washington state.

Health experts say a shortage of test kits means the United States may be underestimating the extent of the virus outbreak.

A study this week indicated that the novel coronavirus was likely far more widespread than official figures suggest.

Blood samples taken from 3,300 volunteers in Santa Clara County showed the true number of COVID-19 cases was at least 50 times higher than the number of confirmed infections in the county, according to the study by Stanford researchers.

Santa Clara was among the first areas in the US to tell residents to stay at home to contain the spread of the virus, ordering a shutdown from March 17.

The United States has recorded more than 800,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic, according to a tally from Johns Hopkins University, with over 45,000 deaths — the most reported of any country.

>>> Half of French private workers now jobless <<<

More than 10 million employees in France — one out of every two in the private sector — have been laid off during the coronavirus lockdown and are now benefiting from an extended indemnity programme to weather the crisis, the government said Wednesday.

“Today in France there are 10.2 million employees whose salaries are being paid by the state,” Labour Minister Muriel Penicaud told BFM television.

Around 820,000 employers, or more than six in ten, have applied for a social security programme that grants 84 percent of net pay for workers temporarily laid off because of a drop in business, a number that is increasing “day after day,”” she said.

“It’s a considerable number, we’ve never done anything like it in our country,” she said.

President Emmanuel Macron vowed that “no company would be abandoned to the risk of bankruptcy” when announcing the widespread business closures and stay-at-home orders implemented on March 17.

His government last week raised its economic relief package to 110 billion euros ($120 billion) and extended the temporary layoffs programme to individuals who employ nannies or cleaners who can no longer come to work.

Penicaud said entire sectors of the economy have effectively been shut down, with nine out of ten workers in hotels and restaurants as well as in construction now unemployed.

“We see how big a task it will be getting back to work after the confinement,” which the government plans to start lifting on May 11, Penicaud said.

“The longer this crisis lasts, the harder it’s going to be afterward.”

Also on Wednesday, the head of the state investment bank BPIFrance said nearly 40 billion euros in government-backed, low-rate emergency loans had been extended to businesses amid the coronavirus crisis — an average of 140,000 euros to some 251,000 businesses.

“It’s practically certain that we’re going to go beyond 100 billion euros,” Nicolas Dufourcq told RTL radio.

But business groups have warned that even with the loans and financial relief such as delayed payment of payroll taxes and other charges, thousands of small and midsize companies could be facing bankruptcy this year.

>>> Google to make shopping service free for online merchants <<<

Google is opening its online shopping service to merchants free of charge as it competes with Amazon in precious e-commerce and digital ads.

Merchants in the US will be able to use Google Shopping for free to proffer their wares by the end of April, and the goal is to do the same for sellers around the world before the end of the year, according to commerce unit president Bill Ready.

Google Shopping had previously showcased only retailers who paid to promote products to consumers searching online for items.

“As consumers increasingly shop online, they’re searching not just for essentials but also things like toys, apparel, and home goods,” Ready said in a blog post.

“While this presents an opportunity for struggling businesses to reconnect with consumers, many cannot afford to do so at scale.”

The closing of physical shops due to the pandemic has accelerated Google’s plan to make it free for merchants to sell with its online commerce service, according to Ready.

Beginning next week, results for searches in the Google Shopping tab will be mostly free listings. Google will display paid ads on results pages as well.

“For advertisers, this means paid campaigns can now be augmented with free listings,” Ready said.

Online retail colossus Amazon uses a similar formula, mixing sponsored product posts with offerings by merchants and has been making an increasing amount of revenue from digital ads in the process.

Google said it is working with PayPal to allow merchants to use the financial transactions service for sales on the Shopping platform, making it easier for potential vendors to join.

Online shopping has surged, with Amazon center stage, as people sheltering at home to avoid coronavirus risk have relied on e-commerce for groceries, medicine, household staples and more.

“Solutions during this crisis will not be fast or easy, but we hope to provide a measure of relief for businesses and lay the groundwork for a healthier retail ecosystem in the future,” Ready said.


Facebook and Google launch emergency relief fund for local news publishers.

Google has launched a journalism emergency relief fund to support thousands of small, medium and local news publishers globally amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Through its Google News Initiative (GNI), the fund will be made available to news organisations producing original news for local communities during the COVID-19 crisis period.

The search giant explained that the fund will range from the low thousands of dollars for small hyper-local newsrooms to low tens of thousands for larger newsrooms, with variations per region.

According to a statement issued by Richard Gingras, Google’s VP, news, applications for the fund started on April 14, and would close by April 29.

He added that interested organisations can apply for it here.

“We’ve made this as streamlined as possible to ensure we get help to eligible publishers all over the world. At the end of the process, we’ll announce who has received funding and how publishers are spending the money,” the statement read.

Google said it is also giving $1 million collectively to the International Centre for Journalists, which plans to provide immediate resources to support reporters globally, and the Columbia Journalism School’s Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma, which is helping journalists exposed to traumatic events experienced during the crisis.

Gingras said this would further consolidate other efforts made by the search engine to support the media industry and connect people to quality information at this time of need.

“We believe it is important to do what we can to alleviate the financial pressures on newsrooms, and will continue to look at other ways to help with more to announce soon,” he said.

FJP and EJC announce the European journalism COVID-19 support fund

The European Journalism Centre (EJC) and the Facebook Journalism Project (FJP) have also launched a $3 million fund to support hundreds of community, local and regional European news organisations continue to cover the coronavirus health crisis.

According to a statement on Wednesday, EJC said applications for the fund will open on April 16, adding that it involves three categories namely: engagement, emergency and innovative funds respectively.

“As people turn to local news for critical information on how to keep their friends, families and communities safe, we understand these journalists are hit especially hard in the current economic crisis,” the statement added.

“EJC will direct emergency funds via the $3 million that Facebook is investing to small and mid-sized news organisations and journalists most in need in the hardest hit countries across Europe, in order to support their businesses and reporting when we need them most.”


COVID-19: Google speak on $6M to help NPO fight Fake Newsers of pandemic around the world.

Google has announced a $6.5 million in funding to help fact-checkers and non-profit organisations fight misinformation related to coronavirus pandemic around the world.

Through its Google News Initiative (GNI), the prominent search engine will be providing the funds to support media outlets and fact-checkers working to combat misinformation around the COVID-19 pandemic.

According to a statement issued on Thursday by Alexios Mantzarlis, news and information credibility lead, GNI news lab, the measure became imperative to tackle spread of fake news about the novel disease.

“Health authorities have warned that an overabundance of information can make it harder for people to obtain reliable guidance about the coronavirus pandemic. Helping the world make sense of this information requires a broad response involving scientists, journalists, public figures, technology platforms and many others,” the statement read.

“We also want to do more to highlight fact-check articles that address potentially harmful health misinformation more prominently to our users and we are experimenting with how to best include a dedicated fact check section in the COVID-19 Google News experience. Already, we have made Google Trends data readily available in localized pages with embeddable visualizations.”

According to Google, the initiative will support Africa Check in Nigeria, and Data Leads in partnership with BOOM Live in India to leverage data from Question Hub.

“Some other media outlets and nonprofits around the world which will receive support through the Google News Initiative (GNI) include First Draft, a nonprofit that is providing an online resource hub, Full Fact and Maldita.es, which will coordinate efforts in Europe focused on countries with the most cases, CORRECTIV in Germany, LatamChequea, coordinated by Chequeado, in the Spanish-speaking world and Latin America, the collaborative verification project Comprova in Brazil, SciLine, based at the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Australian Science Media Centre, creators of Scimex.org among others,” it added.

The initiative, Google said, will be complemented by efforts to train 1,000 journalists across India and Nigeria to spot health misinformation.


See interesting category of searches on Google. ASUU strike, Naira Marley, Neymar, Joro, Xenophobia, Regina Daniels, Others.

Google has released its list of top online searches by Nigerians and ASUU strike, Naira Marley, Regina Daniels are quite prominent on the list.

ASUU strike topped online searches by Nigerians in 2019, followed by `AFCON 2019’, ‘Naira Marley’ and the ‘Women’s World Cup 2019’.

While Naira Marley led the most searched person list over ‘Atiku’ (Abubakar), Presidential candidate of the People’s Democratic Party at the 2019 Nigerian general election, Regina Daniels was the most searched actor, ranking over other actors like Genevieve Nnaji, Tonto Dikeh, Hadiza Gabon and others.

See the full list below;

Top trending news searches

ASUU strike

AFCON 2019

Naira Marley

Women’s World Cup 2019


Election result


iPhone 11

MC Oluomo

Headies Award 2019

Top Trending People

Naira Marley



MC Oluomo


Cameron Boyce



Nipsey Hussle

DJ Arafat

Top Trending Sports People


Emiliano Sala

David Luiz

Bruno Fernandes


Nicolas Pepe

Tammy Abraham

Denis Suarez

Daniel James

Isaac Promise

Top Trending Actors

Regina Daniels

Genevieve Nnaji

Tonto Dikeh

Hadiza Gabon

Ini Edo

Eniola Badmus

Iyabo Ojo

Femi Adebayo

Ken Erics

Toyin Aimakhu

Top Trending Questions

What is xenophobia?

What is ruga?

What is terrorism?

What is election?

What is justice?

What is political party?

What is revolution?

What is capital market?

What is happening in South Africa?

What is first aid?

Top Trending Songs

Joro – Wizkid

Dangote – Burna Boy

Brown Skin Girl – Beyoncé, Wizkid, St Jhn

Woske – Olamide

Pawon – Olamide

Risky – Davido

Billionaire – Teni

Oil and Gas – Olamide

Uyo Meyo – Teni

Blow my mind – Davido, Chris Brown

Top Trending Movies/ TV Shows

Big Brother Naija


Captain Marvel

When they see us



Game of Thrones Season 8

Money Heist

John Wick 3

Avengers Endgame


Google CEOs & Founders Resigns.

It’s the end of an internet era as Sergei Brin and Larry Page are stepping down as head of Alphabet, Google’s parent company, and ceding management control to Sundar Pichai who will take over as CEO.

Page and Sergey Brin, who co-founded Google more than two decades ago while graduate students at Stanford University, will continue as members of Alphabet’s board of directors and still exercise considerable sway over the company as its two largest individual shareholders.

The surprise news from one of the world’s most powerful technology companies comes as Google has been rocked by criticism from Washington lawmakers and President Trump, growing scrutiny from regulators, rising competition from Amazon.com, internal scandals and unrest within its own ranks.

Saying it’s a “natural time to simplify our management structure,” Page and Brin said Google and its parent company no longer need “two CEOs and a president.”

“We’ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there’s a better way to run the company,” the duo wrote in a letter announcing their decision.

Read their full letter:

“Google is not a conventional company. We do not intend to become one. Throughout Google’s evolution as a privately held company, we have managed Google differently. We have also emphasized an atmosphere of creativity and challenge, which has helped us provide unbiased, accurate and free access to information for those who rely on us around the world.”

We believe those central tenets are still true today. The company is not conventional and continues to make ambitious bets on new technology, especially with our Alphabet structure. Creativity and challenge remain as ever-present as before, if not more so, and are increasingly applied to a variety of fields such as machine learning, energy efficiency and transportation. Nonetheless, Google’s core service—providing unbiased, accurate, and free access to information—remains at the heart of the company.

However, since we wrote our first founders’ letter, the company has evolved and matured. Within Google, there are all the popular consumer services that followed Search, such as Maps, Photos, and YouTube; a global ecosystem of devices powered by our Android and Chrome platforms, including our own Made by Google devices; Google Cloud, including GCP and G Suite; and of course a base of fundamental technologies around machine learning, cloud computing, and software engineering.

It’s an honor that billions of people have chosen to make these products central to their lives—this is a trust and responsibility that Google will always work to live up to.

And structurally, the company evolved into Alphabet in 2015. As we said in the Alphabet founding letter in 2015:

“Alphabet is about businesses prospering through strong leaders and independence.”

Since we wrote that, hundreds of Phoenix residents are now being driven around in Waymo cars—many without drivers! Wing became the first drone company to make commercial deliveries to consumers in the U.S. And Verily and Calico are doing important work, through a number of great partnerships with other healthcare companies. Some of our “Other Bets” have their own boards with independent members, and outside investors.

Those are just a few examples of technology companies that we have formed within Alphabet, in addition to investment subsidiaries GV and Capital G, which have supported hundreds more. Together with all of Google’s services, this forms a colorful tapestry of bets in technology across a range of industries—all with the goal of helping people and tackling major challenges.

“Google was born in 1998. If it were a person, it would have started elementary school late last summer (around August 19), and today it would have just about finished the first grade.”

Today, in 2019, if the company was a person, it would be a young adult of 21 and it would be time to leave the roost. While it has been a tremendous privilege to be deeply involved in the day-to-day management of the company for so long, we believe it’s time to assume the role of proud parents—offering advice and love, but not daily nagging!

With Alphabet now well-established, and Google and the Other Bets operating effectively as independent companies, it’s the natural time to simplify our management structure. We’ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there’s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet.

will be the executive responsible and accountable for leading Google, and managing Alphabet’s investment in our portfolio of Other Bets. We are deeply committed to Google and Alphabet for the long term, and will remain actively involved as Board members, shareholders and co-founders. In addition, we plan to continue talking with Sundar regularly, especially on topics we’re passionate about!

Sundar brings humility and a deep passion for technology to our users, partners and our employees every day. He’s worked closely with us for 15 years, through the formation of Alphabet, as CEO of Google, and a member of the Alphabet Board of Directors. He shares our confidence in the value of the Alphabet structure, and the ability it provides us to tackle big challenges through technology. There is no one that we have relied on more since Alphabet was founded, and no better person to lead Google and Alphabet into the future.

We are deeply humbled to have seen a small research project develop into a source of knowledge and empowerment for billions—a bet we made as two Stanford students that led to a multitude of other technology bets. We could not have imagined, back in 1998 when we moved our servers from a dorm room to a garage, the journey that would follow.