Category Archives: Healthy Living

See what the two holes on your lower back means and why you should have them


According to medical experts the back dimples have no medical impacts to an individual and therefore they are harmless.

If your dimples are very visible then it indicates that you have less weight or underweight and therefore you have a good weight that leads to a good, healthy life.

She got the Venus holes, do you?

The ‘venus holes’ are also believed to be a sign of beauty, the word Venus originating from the Roman goddess of beauty.

They are ‘venus holes’specifically named as beauty.



Fallopian tube in Man – By Olamide Noble


The fallopian tubes are muscular tubes that are lined with delicate hair-like structures. These “hairs” work in both directions; helping an egg to travel from the ovaries down to the womb (uterus) and helping sperm travel up from the womb. Each fallopian tube ends in fimbriae, which are finger-like structures. Continue Reading »

What are fallopian tubes used for?

The uterine tubes, also known as oviducts or fallopian tubes, are the female structures that transport the ova from the ovary to the uterus each month. In the presence of sperm and fertilization, the uterine tubes transport the fertilized egg to the uterus for implantation. Continue Reading »

Can you still have a baby without Fallopian tube?


Usually an egg has to travel from the ovaries into the fallopian tube to get fertilized, before continuing down to the uterus. Without the tubes it should be nearly impossible to get pregnant, unless the woman uses in-vitro fertilization, which Kough says she didn’t do. Continue Reading »

What causes blockage of Fallopian tubes?

The most common cause of blocked fallopian tubes is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). 5 PID is the result of a sexually transmitted disease, but not all pelvic infections are related to STDs. Also, even if PID is no longer present, a history of PID or pelvic infection increases the risk of blocked tubes. Continue Reading »


How do you unblock fallopian tubes?

If your fallopian tubes are blocked by small amounts of scar tissue or adhesions, your doctor can use laparoscopic surgery to remove the blockage and open the tubes. If your fallopian tubes are blocked by large amounts of scar tissue or adhesions, treatment to remove the blockages may not be possible. Continue Reading »

Do Men Have Fallopian Tubes?

Generally, Fallopian tubes exist in women which aid in process of child birth. So typically, NO is the answer.

as written by Adigun Michael Olamide ‘Olamide Noble’




10 hidden truth about ‘Lipton’.

Just like Olamide Noble, you might be one of those people that need a cuppa in the morning to refresh yourself. Instead of drinking coffee like everyone else, you opt for tea and it’s likely that those tea bags you sink into a cup of hot water is actually a product of Lipton, arguably the world’s largest tea seller.

Below are 10 hidden facts about Lipton you might not know!

Read on while I take a sip of my Lipton tea.

Lipton, the Supermarket

Lipton started off as a supermarket chain in the United Kingdom before it was bought over by Argyll Foods. From then on, the company to focus solely on tea.


Lipton, the Founder

Thomas Lipton was the founder of Lipton, the tea brand we know today. Unsurprisingly, the company was named after him. Lipton was a staunch believer that the secret for success was selling the best goods at the cheapest prices, harnessing the power of advertising, and always being optimistic. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland.

Lipton started a long, long time ago
Lipton founded Lipton in 1890, and that’s 126 years ago!

Environmentally Savvy

Being part of the Unilever group, who has pledged to source all its tea in a sustainable manner, Lipton tea is produced in a way that is non-detrimental to the environment. In 6 May 2009, Lipton received a Corporate Green Globe Award for its work with the Rainforest Alliance, an international environmental NGO. Now, you can drink your cup of tea in peace.


Unilever is its parent company, and this started when Unilever bought over Lipton in the United States and Canadian businesses in 1938.



Those regular users of Facebook wouldn’t have missed this: some time ago, a woman posted a video of her opening up a Lipton tea bag, and pointing out that there were worms in her tea bag. Another video was posted, this time, by Lipton to debunk this misconception. They explained that there were no ‘worms’ – instead they are small lemon flavour pieces. To prove their point, they dissolved the pieces in hot water. The “worms” disappeared. Thankfully.


Theanine is boasted as one of its ingredients in Lipton tea, and in a number of markets, including the company highlights its benefits, which is its psychoactive properties.


There is 55mg of caffeine in about 200 to 250ml of Lipton Tea’s standard black variety. For those anxious to know how much caffeine is going on in their drinks, note that it’s a moderate amount of caffeine!


Yellow is the colour of the Lipton Brand
When we think of Lipton, we picture the yellow boxes of tea, and the brand itself, in yellow. Undoubtedly, yellow is the colour of the Lipton brand. Yellow was chosen because it reminds us of vitality, quality and natural goodness – all of these Lipton aspire to bring to us with its products.

Its popularity

Lipton is available in over 110 countries, but despite so, not all countries have all its products!

Sip!!!! – Oppss! Sorry, I didn’t invite you to join me drink a cup…

Get yours- BAG A BAG



9 reasons vagina smells. [Number 1 and 5] will shock you.

Do you know that there are 9 reasons that could cause a woman’s vagina to smell?
When a woman’s vagina smells, it makes you feel uncomfortable and might even make you feel less of a lady.

Here are the reasons why a woman’s vagina will smell.

1. Excessive Washing:-

Even if you’re just washing your vagina with warm water, excessive washing can still mess with the vagina’s flora, causing an odor.

2. Allergy To Condoms:

Some women are allergic to certain materials in condoms, which can throw off vaginal bacteria and cause odor.

3. Douching:

This can mess with the pH levels of the Vagina and even cause numerous bacteria to grow.

There are good and bad bacteria that can be down there, but the bad bacteria can cause a strong smell.

4. Tight Clothing:

Wearing very tight pants or underwear can cause it to sweat, which can cause vaginal odor.

5. Spicy Food:

Spicy food can cause a sudden increase in your vaginal discharge, which can cause vaginal odor.

6. Sleeping With Underwear At Night:

According to reports, sleeping in the nude to air out the vagina is the best way to go.

7. Laundry Detergent:

Laundry detergent with perfume or fabric softeners can irritate it, once again causing the odor. Wash your underwear separately with unscented detergent.

8. Pregnancy:

During pregnancy, many vitamins and minerals are passed along to your baby, and this can throw off the pH levels in your vagina.

9. Sex:

You may notice vaginal odors accumulating directly after sex.


How to take care of your new born baby.

The moment a baby arrives into the world, dependence on the mother’s system ends, physical changes begin to occur, including the movement of air, blood supply, and nutrition. This disconnection from the mother’s system requires a careful transition that is vital for the baby’s survival.

Newborn baby care after birth begins in the hospital and extends to the home, mostly overseen by the mother.

How To Take Care Of Your Newborn Baby After Birth

Doctors do the following immediately your baby is born:

  • Help your baby breathe

Your doctor clears mucus from your baby’s nose and mouth to help him take his first breath. Then he rubs his back in order for his breath to be deeper. Don’t be concerned if the baby cries out because that helps clear any remaining fluid in your baby’s lungs, nose and mouth. However, some babies just take breaths without crying out, and that’s okay too. Then for babies born prematurely or by C-section, breathing may be hard at first, so they’ll need extra help from the doctor.

  • Clamp and cut the umbilical cord

The baby has been surviving in your womb with the help of the umbilical cord, being the medium through which he receives oxygen and food. However, when he arrives in the world, he stops needing the umbilical cord to survive. Your doctor will have to clamp and cut it. He may allow 30 to 60 seconds to let the blood from your placenta flow into your baby before clamping.

  • Keep the baby warm

Your baby arrives wet with amniotic fluid, which can cause him to become cold, so the doctor will have to dry the baby. Also, the baby sometimes arrives covered in vernix, a white waterproof substance that’s been protecting the baby’s skin in your womb. This vernix is allowed to stay on because it helps protect the baby from cold and other issues such as jaundice and weight loss. This is why your baby may not receive a bath until after a few hours.

  • Take your baby’s Apgar score

This is the score your doctor takes to check and see how well your baby is adjusting to life outside the womb. Each letter in Apgar stands for a category the doctor has to check in the baby, done at one minute and five minutes after birth. The doctor grades 0, 1 or 2, and then adds them up for the final score. Babies who perform poorly in the Apgar score will need extra attention in the newborn intensive care unit of the hospital.

What can the mother do at this point?

Afterwards, when the doctors are sure the baby is absolutely fine, they pass the child to his mother. Now the mother will hold the baby skin-to-skin in a pose that’s known as the kangaroo care. This way she is bonding with the baby and also preparing him for breastfeeding, which is encouraged in the first hour of birth. However, some babies may have to spend time in the incubator, so the mother can’t hold them right away. For women who were awake during their C-section, they can hold the baby right away as long as the baby is fine. And women who have vaginal birth will be covered with a blanket as they hold their baby skin-to-skin.

As they’re cuddling the baby, the doctor still has the following things to do:

  • Check the baby’s weight, length and the size of his head to be sure he’s healthy for his age.
  • Give the baby a Vitamin K shot because for the next few days the baby won’t be able to generate his own vitamin K. This shot protects the baby from disease.
  • Eye drops to protect the baby from an eye infection that’s possible during a vaginal birth.

Caring for the baby after leaving the hospital

After the doctor discharges you and the baby from the hospital, the primary care is mostly your responsibility as the mum. The following tips may guide you:

  • Bathing

Your baby carries vernix after birth, which disappears on its own after a few days, so you don’t need to bathe the baby routinely. Also, bathing the baby too soon after delivery exposes him to cold. The only time it can be considered is if the baby stool is staining or contaminated with maternal stool. Don’t bath a baby having health issues after delivery.

However, if the baby has to be bathed, it should be done when the newborn is a few hours old. Use a mild soap and make sure the room is warm.

  • Infant stool

After delivery, for the first few days, the newborn will pass meconium, a sticky and dark green stool. This should have a mild smell, which would change colour in a few days. Your child may not pass stool for a few days, or he may pass stool each time you feed him. Frequency doesn’t really matter here, as long as the stool isn’t hard.

  • Nappies

Six nappies should be enough for a normal infant for a day. If he is using less than six a day, check his milk intake whether he’s taking enough.

  • Cord care

Cleaning the cord stump with surgical spirit should be routine. Put it around the cord so that it runs into every fold around the top of the stump. This is a place bacteria could easily grow in, so take the cleaning very seriously. Clean the cord every three hours if you notice that it’ s smelling or still soft after 24 hours. The cord will come off between 1 and 2 weeks of delivery. Please keep in mind that you should never cover the stump with a bandage.

A newborn should receive B.C.G and Polio drops within five days of birth. Check out the immunisation schedule for Nigeria and Kenya’s immunisation schedule. For other countries, please talk to your doctor about the immunisation schedule.


Multiple pregnancy – What are the factors? [Never leave unread]

Do you get baby fever when you see twins? You are not alone. However, if you would love to have twins, knowing the causes of a multiple pregnancy is a good place to start.

Zainab Abu, a mother of 12, recently gave birth to a set of quadruplets!

According to the a Nigerian news platfrom, she had no idea it would be a multiple pregnancy because she never went for antenatal or any medical check-up.

Thankfully, she and her babies are fine. Find out all you need to know about the causes of multiple pregnancy, symptoms, precautions and management.

What are the causes of a multiple pregnancy?

If you’re wondering why Zainab didn’t go for any antenatal or medical check-up, you’re not alone.

According to her, it was due to the distance between her community and the next health facility. To get there, you’d have to cross a river with a canoe and then take a bike to cover the rest of the distance. As a result, Zainab has been giving birth at home, and the quadruplets are not her first multiple birth.

The reason women like Zainab give birth to more than one baby can be put down to the following natural causes:

  • Heredity: A woman who has a family history of multiple pregnancies has a higher chance of giving birth to more than one baby at once.
  • Older age: You have a greater chance of multiple pregnancies if you’re over 30 years of age. Little wonder you hear of older women who struggled with infertility giving birth to twins or more.
  • Multiple pregnancy history: Chances are you’ll give birth to more than one child if it has happened before.

There are other factors are based on technology which include:

  • Medication: Medication can be given to stimulate ovulation or produce many eggs for fertilization, resulting in multiple births in the end.
  • Vitro fertilization: To help couples conceive, they can be assisted with reproductive technologies. Ovulation is stimulated to produce multiple eggs, and when they’re fertilised, they are returned to the uterus to develop.

How do multiple pregnancies occur?

When more than one egg is fertilised and deposited in the uterus, multiple pregnancies happen. This process can produce girls or boys, or a mixture of both, referred to as the fraternal twins or multiples. Fraternal siblings are conceived at the same time and they can look alike, just the way some siblings do. However, when one egg is fertilised and divides into two or more embryos, this is known as identical twinning. This kind of multiple births produces either all girls or all boys who are identical in their genes and look alike so much that parents and family members struggle to tell each one apart.

Symptoms of multiple pregnancies

Each woman may experience these symptoms differently, but you can look out for the following symptoms in general:

  • Increased morning sickness
  • Increased appetite
  • Larger uterus than expected
  • Excessive weight gain especially in the early days of pregnancy
  • Fetal movements in different parts of the abdomen at the same time

How to manage multiple pregnancies.

In choosing specific management for your multiple pregnancy, your doctor will consider the following:

  • Your opinion and preferences
  • Medical history and overall health
  • Tolerance for specific medications and procedures
  • Expectations for the course of the pregnancy

On your part, management of a multiple pregnancy may include the following:

  • Increased diet:

You will need to take in more calories than a woman carrying a single pregnancy. This is because two or more fetuses need more iron, protein and other necessary nutrients. You may need to put on more weight than you would have to comfortably carry the fetuses until full-term.

  • Frequent hospital visits:

You may have to go for prenatal appointments more often for the doctor to check for complications and monitor weight gain.

  • See a specialist:

It may be necessary for you to be referred to a maternal-fetal medicine specialist called a perinatologist. This specialist will test you specially and evaluate your ultrasound.

  • More rest:

To manage a multiple pregnancy you may have to submit yourself to increased bed rest. It may be at home or in the hospital and it usually starts at the beginning of the second trimester, especially if you’re carrying more than two fetuses.

  • Testing the fetuses:

The fetuses may require more testing to monitor their health, especially if there has been a complication.

How to take care of your babies after birth

Most multiple pregnancy births usually happen a bit earlier than expected, which means they come out small and unable to feed on their own just yet. In this case, they will need to remain in the special care nursery in the hospital until they can feed, grow and stay warm. However, if your babies were born full-term, your time in the special care nursery will be short.

So what will life look like after leaving the hospital? Breastfeeding your twins or triplets (or quadruplets!) is a huge task but one that is possible, especially with the help of a lactation specialist, who can teach you how to increase your milk supply and how to breastfeed them individually and together. Overall, you will need help from family and friends, who can take over house chores, allowing you the time to get to know your babies more and to find a routine that works.


You don’t have to be dirty after one birth mistake.

Most of young ladies today finds it difficult to get back in shape after kolabo and single birth.

You don’t have to place yourself as an old woman of 4 when you’re just with 1 at tender age.

>> Life is too short to cage yourself… Chop life and flenjo.

These are what to do to move on quickly and find better opportunities in life.

• Forget about the past, no one is above mistake.

• Think of the next big thing.

• Stay neat and fresh always (if compulsory, use perfume, roll on or spray)

• Don’t use wrapper.

• Change your underwears daily, better still twice daily. {Neatness is key}

• Slay again.

• Schedule your target, this time don’t looseguard.

• Do it again if you can’t hold it but be wise.

• It has happened, there’s no reverse.


Stomach tightening during pregnancy – Labour or What?


There are many aches, pains, and other sensations you may experience during your pregnancy, including stomach tightening.

Stomach tightening may start early in your first trimester as your uterus grows. As your pregnancy progresses, it may be a sign of a possible miscarriage in the early weeks, premature labor if you aren’t due yet, or impending labor. It can also be normal contractions that don’t progress to labor.

Here’s the lowdown on why you might experience stomach tightening at different stages of your pregnancy.

In the first trimester

Your stomach may feel tight in your first trimester as your uterus stretches and grows to accommodate your growing fetus. Other sensations you may experience include sharp, shooting pains on the sides of your abdomen as your muscles stretch and lengthen.

Is it a miscarriage?

Painful stomach tightening may be a sign of miscarriage. A miscarriage is a loss of pregnancy before week 20, though it’s most common before week 12.

You may have no symptoms with a miscarriage, or you may experience some or all of the following symptoms:

tightness or cramping in your abdomen
pain or cramping in your lower back
spotting or bleeding
seeing fluid or tissue pass from the vagina
Causes of miscarriage aren’t always clear. Some may be due to a blighted ovum, which means no embryo forms. Others may be due to:

genetic issues with the fetus
certain infections
thyroid disease
cervix issues
If you have painful stomach tightening along with other signs of miscarriage, call your doctor or midwife.

In the second trimester

As your body continues to adapt to pregnancy, you may experience stomach tightening and even sharp pains called round ligament pain. This type of discomfort is most common during the second trimester, and the pain may extend from your abdomen or hip area to your groin. Round ligament pain is considered totally normal.

It’s also possible to experience

Braxton-Hicks contractions as early as the fourth month of pregnancy. During these “practice contractions,” your stomach may feel very tight and uncomfortable. Some women get more of these contractions than others. Braxton-Hicks contractions aren’t as painful as regular labor contractions. They often occur with activity, like exercise or sex.

These contractions don’t generally affect the dilation of the cervix. They are irregularly, with no set pattern that you can time.

In some cases, you may develop what is called an irritable uterus. Contractions or stomach tightening with an irritable uterus feel similar to what you would expect to experience with Braxton-Hicks. With irritable uterus, though, you may actually get regular and frequent stomach tightening that doesn’t respond to rest or hydration. While this pattern may be alarming and a sign of preterm labor, women with irritable uterus don’t necessarilyTrusted Source see a change in dilation.

If you aren’t yet due, being dehydrated can also lead to increased contractions. If you’re feeling cramps that come and go, be sure to drink plenty of fluids. They often will diminish when you’re rehydrated. If the cramps and contractions are getting longer, stronger, or closer together, see your healthcare provider to prevent premature delivery.

If you’re having frequent contractions in your second trimester, it’s always best to contact your healthcare provider to rule out preterm labor or miscarriage. They can perform tests, like an ultrasound, to measure your cervix and evaluate other signs to see if you’re in labor.

In the third trimester

Stomach tightening in your third trimester may be a sign of labor. Labor contractions may start out mild and get stronger over time.

You can usually time these contractions by starting a stopwatch as one ends and stopping the watch as another one starts. The time between them will generally be steady. At first, they will be spaced further apart, maybe every eight minutes or so. As labor progresses, they will get closer together.

True labor contractions become more and more intense over time.

Braxton-Hicks contractions are more common in the third trimester of pregnancy. You may notice them in the final weeks of pregnancy. It’s also possible to notice them earlier in your third trimester.

Braxton-Hicks contractions are also referred to as “false labor” because many women mistake them for labor. If you’re getting lots of irregular contractions or stomach tightening, call your healthcare provider. If it’s after hours, you can also place a call to your local hospital and speak to a triage nurse. They can advise you on whether you should see a healthcare provider.

The rule of thumb is to call if you’ve had more than four to six contractionsin an hour, no matter their pattern.

Braxton-Hicks vs. labor

Still confused about the difference between Braxton Hicks contractions and the real thing? Changing position, drinking a glass of water, or taking a gentle walk may make false labor contractions go away.

Other signs of labor include:

lower back pain or cramping that doesn’t go away
gushes or a trickle of clear liquid from the vagina, which is a sign of your water breaking
red-tinged vaginal discharge, also known as “bloody show”
If a change in activity doesn’t relieve the stomach tightening, or the pain and frequency in your contractions gets worse, it may be time to visit the hospital.

When should I go to the hospital if I’m in labor?

You are probably in labor if your contractions are getting longer, stronger, and closer together. If this is your first baby, head to the hospital or call your midwife when your contractions come every three to five minutes, and last 45 to 60 seconds over an hour-long period of time. If you’re not a first-time mom, consider getting there when your contractions come every five to seven minutes, and last 45 to 60 seconds over an hour-long period. Head immediately in for care if your water breaks, regardless of whether you’re having contractions.


If your stomach tightening is irregular and mild:

drink a tall glass of water and stay hydrated
move your body to see if a change in positions helps relax your stomach
avoid getting up too quickly from bed or other positions
consider getting a pregnancy massage to relax tired muscles
use a warm water bottle or heat pad, or take a warm bath or shower
If these home measures don’t relieve your stomach tightness or you have other concerns, contact your doctor or midwife.

Go to the hospital immediately if you’re less than 36 weeks pregnant and have other signs of preterm labor, like:

fluid leakage
pressure in your pelvis or vagina
You should also contact your healthcare provider if you have more than four to six contractions in an hour, regardless of their timing. Hospitals often get calls from women who don’t know the different sensations of pregnancy, and it’s better to be safe than sorry if you suspect something might be happening with your pregnancy.


What are the effect of eating okro and snails during pregnancy?

Consumption of okro, snails and other foods containing slime by pregnant women don’t make babies dull as widely speculated, according to Collins Akanno, a clinical nutritionist.

Akanno disclosed this while speaking with BBC Pidgin on some nutrition myths and beliefs associated with pregnant women in commemoration of this year’s International Women’s Day.

Snail (Photo Credit: Google)

The nutritionist pointed out that such foods are healthy and should be encouraged among pregnant women.

“Some of the nutrition myths common among pregnant women is that they shouldn’t take snail and okro as well other foods that contain slime as they make their babies dull. Such myths are not true,” he said.

He also dismissed widespread speculations that pregnant women ought to be taking portions of food meant for two people because of their babies.

According to him, while pregnant women should take balanced diet, they should avoid excessive food intake, especially carbohydrate to avoid accumulating excess weight which could affect their unborn babies negatively.

Akanno also warned pregnant women against taking herbal teas sold by roadsides with the aim of reducing the size of their babies.

“If you are trying to make your baby small, you have already affected their growth. Such is dangerous as it could lead to complications later in life and such a child might never live up to his full potential in life,” he said.

Okro (Photo Credit: Google)

He went on to call on pregnant women to ensure exclusive breastfeeding for at least six months.

The health expert, however, warned that the practice of giving babies breast milk as well water, simultaneously, within the first six months of birth, is unhealthy.

He also said women with gestational diabetes – the kind of diabetes found among pregnant women — should reduce their intake of sugar as well as carbohydrate so that it won’t affect their baby.

“If a pregnant woman takes too much of carbohydrate and sugar, the baby could come out very big which may brings about complications later in life,” he added.


Why men should eat ‘Dates’ consistently.

…what is date

… What is the effect of date

…is date a fruit?

Dates are arguably one of the tastiest dry fruits and are available all through the year. Chock full of nutrients, people eat these dried fruits mostly for energy. That’s why during Ramadan, Muslims break their fast with dates.

Since fasting deprives your body of strength, eating calorie-dense dates helps boost your energy. But apparently, dates are capable of revving up more than just your energy levels. Science says that date fruits can even crank up your libido; improve your sperm quality and save your marriage.

Research has proven what traditional wisdom has been saying all along. Dates boost your sex life by increasing your libido and improving your sexual performance. Also, according to science, dates increase sperm count, and this is another reason why men should eat dates often.

How do dates increase sperm count? Have a look at what the research has revealed below.

How Dates Increase Sperm Count

Traditional medicine practitioners used the pollen of the date palm to make an antidote to male infertility. With that background, some researchers decided to investigate the substance of the local antidote.

There was an experimental study led by Bahmanpour et al. in 2006. The researchers discovered that dates did impact sperm and the reproductive system of adult male rats, who were the subjects of the experiment. The scientists noticed that eating dates greatly improved the count, the motility and DNA quality of the rats’ sperm. It also increased the weights of the testes and epididymis. The credit went to estradiol and flavonoid; components in dates that seem to have a positive effect on the quality of sperm.

Also, in November of 2016, two experts in sexual health in Lagos advised men to eat dates; saying its consumption would enhance their sexual performance and increase their libido.

The man said that when men took dates appropriately, they could also improve their health conditions in many other ways. It could save them the shame of not satisfying their sexual partners, the experts said.

One of the men, Dr. Aminu Kazeem, a sexual health therapist who works at Energy for Sex Clinic in Lagos; said men who had performance problems should incorporate dates in their diet.

“Eating dates will promote sperm quality and quantity as it is one of the best natural fruits used for male fertility. It also increases the size of the testes in men and the size of breasts in women. Consuming the fruit can help to treat sexual disorders because it is a natural aphrodisiac.”

He further confirmed that dates contained high levels of estradiol and flavonoid which aid sperm motility and increase sperm count.

Dates Increase Libido And Do Other Things For You

Dates do more than increase sperm count and motility. They are good for your all-round health and vitality. Here are some other health benefits of eating dates below:

Maintains your sugar levels:

Want to satisfy your sugar craving? Instead of gorging on candies coated with sugar, have a few pieces of dates or sweets made out of it to beat your sugar craving in a healthy way. They are a good substitute for white sugar as they are free of sodium, cholesterol and fats. But remember, their calorific value is higher than other fruits so too much can lead to weight gain.

Aids your digestion

These little nuggets are rich in fibre, which means they are good for your digestive system and bowel movements. It also means they prevent the build-up of LDL cholesterol; which can put your heart health at risk by increasing your chances of getting hypertension, stroke, heart disease, etc.

Prevents anaemia

Iron is an essential nutrient your body needs to prevent anaemia. It helps your red blood cells carry oxygen better to various body parts which help in their better functioning. Lack of iron can leave you feeling fatigued even after doing the smallest of tasks. Eating dates can beat this deficiency.

Lowers your risk of heart disease

Dates contain about 656 mg of potassium per 100g which makes them a powerhouse of potassium. According to WHO guidelines, an adult should consume 3,510 mg of potassium every day. Lower levels of potassium can make one more susceptible to high blood pressure, stroke, etc.

Improves overall health

Apart from all the above goodness, dates are also rich in other essential nutrients like calcium, magnesium and vitamin B6. The body needs both magnesium and calcium for proper bone growth; while vitamin B6 is needed to break down protein, and maintain normal levels of nerve function.


Malt and Milk not blood tonic. [What you need to know]

Malt and milk is not a blood tonic

It all started when a random twitter user by name Accidental Engineer posted a picture of a tin of peak milk and Maltina with the caption “Sco Pa Tu Manaa” to which Doctor Olufunmilayo quoted saying, this is not a blood tonic.

Each 100g of Peak Milk contains 28.3g of Fat (of which 19g is “saturated fat” which is actually bad fat- very bad medically for your heart). 37.1g carbohydrates. 25g protein. 506 kilocalories of energy. And the rest are salt, vitamin A and D.”

“So essentially Peak Milk is mainly fats, carbohydrates and protein. “Blood tonics” need to be rich in IRON- that is easily absorbable by the body- because this is what your body needs and uses to make blood! And unfortunately, Peak Milk has NONE of that. There is NO Iron in it.”

Okay let’s analyze Maltina

What does it contain? Look at the attached images. Again you see that Maltina – like any malt drink- is mainly calories and carbohydrates (sugar) with very little fat and vitamins. That’s all. There is NO Iron whatsoever in Maltina. NONE AT ALL.

So you now see my argument as a medical doctor on this myth of “Maltina and Peak milk gives blood”. Maltina has NO Iron. Peak Milk has NO Iron. Iron is what your body needs to build blood. Do you now see that it makes no medical sense to continue to believe this deceitful myth?

Unfortunately, some Nollywood movies and many uninformed elderly people have pushed this narrative for so long that no one ever bothered to check or ask questions. But actually, it is NOT true. Milk and Malt will NOT give you Blood. If you feel you need blood, see your doctor.


Pregnancy during menopause. [What you need to know]

Until women have reached what is known as the postmenopausal stage, it is still possible to get pregnant.

Many women assume they have entered the menopause when they first have symptoms. However, there are two distinct stages of the process, namely perimenopause and postmenopause.

Perimenopause, which is also referred to as menopause transition, is the time before menopause where the body begins to make changes in preparation for the menopause.

Postmenopause has occurred when a woman has not had a period for 12 months.

How pregnancy occurs during perimenopause

As time goes by, the number of eggs a woman has reduces and the ones that are left continue to age. Older eggs have an increased likelihood of chromosomal abnormalities. This means that, as a woman gets older, her chances of getting pregnant also decrease.

Despite hot flashes and irregular periods, ovulation in perimenopausal women can occur. If a viable egg is released and fertilized, conception can take place.

It is not until ovulation stops permanently that a woman can no longer become pregnant naturally.

Looking out for signs of ovulation, such as breast tenderness, white vaginal discharge, or by using ovulation test strips can help a woman predict when she is ovulating. Then, she can either act to prevent it or to increase the likelihood of pregnancy occurring, depending on what she wants.

There are many reasons why a woman may wish to get pregnant during perimenopause. Some common situations include having had difficulty conceiving before, lifestyle factors such as her career or finances, or not having felt confident or ready to take care of a child earlier.


The time that women reach menopause can vary widely, though this usually takes place somewhere between 40 and 55 years old.

Once menopause occurs, a woman’s hormonal balance changes permanently. At this stage, ovulation will no longer take place, and a woman is unable to conceive naturally.

Increasing the likelihood of getting pregnant during perimenopause and postmenopause

Staying fit and healthy, and eating a varied, nutritious diet, will help improve the chances of a successful pregnancy.
A woman who is hoping to conceive during perimenopause should consult her doctor who can advise on the steps to take.

While her fertility is likely to be reduced, a woman can still boost the chances of getting pregnant. Examples of what she can do include:

Paying attention to ovulation: Knowing the signs and symptoms of ovulation, such as breast tenderness and white vaginal discharge can help women understand when they are ovulating and the best time to try and conceive.

Lifestyle factors, such as diet and exercise: A well-balanced, nutritious diet and plenty of exercise will also keep a prospective mother fit and healthy, which will help to increase the chances of conception.

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

A woman who undergoes IVF treatment either during perimenopause or after menopause may be able to conceive.

Any remaining eggs postmenopause will no longer be viable. However, if a woman chose to freeze her eggs earlier, these can be used, or fresh or frozen donor eggs may be another option.

What other treatments are available?

Even at menopause, there may be further options available in the future to help a woman who might want to conceive a child.

Menopause reversal

There has been some research on reversing the menopause. It is not yet offered as a treatment for women who want to conceive, but preliminary results have shown some success. There is some evidence that it is possible to ‘rejuvenate’ previously dormant ovaries, stimulating the release of an egg for fertilization.

Research and evidence in this area are currently still limited, although clinical trials have begun.

What are the risks?

Older women face more risks with pregnancy. Getting professional family planning advice may help to minimize some of these risks.
Pregnant women over the age of 35 years old have greater chances of:

miscarriage or stillbirth
an ectopic pregnancy where an egg implants outside the womb
high blood pressure leading to preeclampsia that can cause brain injury, impaired kidney and liver function, blood clots, fluid on the lungs, seizures, or maternal and infant death
placental abruption where the placenta detaches from the womb, leading to fetal growth problems, premature birth or stillbirth
placenta previa where the placenta lies unusually low in the womb and can create problems during delivery
low birth weight of the baby
premature birth
cesarean delivery
multiple pregnancies, particularly if a woman has undergone IVF treatment.
Women going through perimenopause are likely to be more than 35 years old. Therefore, the risks outlined above could mean a pregnancy is more difficult.

Delivery can also become complicated and the likelihood of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy or stillbirth increases.

Chromosomal abnormalities

Chromosomal abnormalities also appear more frequently in children born to older mothers.

The risk of Down syndrome increases from about 1 in 1,500 at age 25 years old, to 1 in 100 at 40 years of age, and to 1 in 50 by the time the mother is 45 years old.

Women going through perimenopause are encouraged to undergo genetic testing before trying to conceive to ensure they understand the risks of chromosomal abnormalities. Many women who are at this menopausal stage and want to become pregnant use donor eggs to maximize their chances of delivering a healthy baby.

IVF also increases risks factors, particularly for postmenopausal women who are more likely to have problems and complications during pregnancy and birth after undergoing IVF treatment.


I want to gain weight. [Foods to eat]

1. Homemade Protein Smoothies

Drinking homemade protein smoothies can be a highly nutritious and quick way to gain weight.

Making your own smoothies is the best way since commercial versions are often full of sugar and lack nutrients. It also gives you full control over the flavor and nutrient content.

Here are just a few tasty variations you can try. You can combine each with 2 cups (470 ml) of milk or an alternative like almond milk.

Chocolate banana nut shake: Combine 1 banana, 1 scoop of chocolate whey protein and 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of peanut or another nut butter.

Vanilla berry shake: Combine 1 cup (237 ml) of fresh or frozen mixed berries, ice, 1 cup (237 ml) of high-protein natural yogurt and 1 scoop of vanilla whey protein.

Chocolate hazelnut shake: Combine 15 ounces (444 ml) of chocolate milk with 1 scoop of chocolate whey protein, 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of hazelnut butter and 1 avocado.

Caramel apple shake: Combine 1 sliced apple, 1 cup (237 ml) of natural yogurt, 1 scoop of caramel- or vanilla-flavored whey protein and 1 tablespoon (15 ml) of sugar-free caramel sauce or flavoring.

Vanilla blueberry shake: Combine 1 cup (237 ml) of fresh or frozen blueberries, 1 scoop of vanilla whey protein, 1 cup (237 ml) of vanilla yogurt and sweetener if needed.

Super green shake: Combine 1 cup (237 ml) of spinach, 1 avocado, 1 banana, 1 cup (237 ml) of pineapple and 1 scoop of unflavored or vanilla whey protein.

All of these smoothies provide around 400–600 calories, along with a high amount of protein and other important vitamins and minerals.

There are many delicious protein smoothie recipes. Avoid most commercial versions, which may contain added sugar and aren’t as nutritious.

2. Milk

Milk has been used as a weight gainer or muscle builder for decades

It provides a good balance of proteins, carbs and fats and is a good source of calcium, as well as other vitamins and minerals .

For those trying to add more muscle, milk is an excellent protein source that provides both casein and whey proteins. Research has even shown it can help you add muscle when combined with weight lifting

Additionally, studies have found that milk, or whey and casein combined, can lead to greater mass gain than other protein sources

Try drinking around one or two glasses as a snack, with a meal, or before and after a workout if you are training.

Drinking milk is a great way to add protein to your diet. It contains both casein and whey proteins.

3. Rice

Rice is a convenient, low-cost carb source to help you gain weight. Just 1 cup (165 grams) of cooked rice provides 190 calories, 43 grams of carbs and very little fat (6).

It is also fairly calorie-dense, meaning you can easily obtain a high amount of carbs and calories from a single serving. This helps you eat more food, especially if you have a poor appetite or get full quickly.

When you’re on the go or in a rush, two-minute packs of microwavable rice can be easily added to other protein sources and pre-made meals.

Another popular method is to prepare a large pot of rice for the week and combine it with some proteins and healthy fats.

However, extremely large amounts may not be wise due to their potential arsenic and phytic acid content. Arsenic can cause toxicity and phytic acid can reduce the absorption of zinc and iron (7Trusted Source).

Rice is a great source of carbs that are easy to consume and digest. However, some types of rice are high in arsenic.

4. Nuts and Nut Butters

Nuts and nut butters are a perfect choice if you’re looking to gain weight.

Just one small handful of almonds contains over 7 grams of protein and 18 grams of healthy fats (8).

Since they’re very calorie-dense, just two handfuls per day with a meal or as a snack can quickly add hundreds of calories.

Nut butters can also be added to a variety of snacks or dishes, such as smoothies, yogurts and much more.

However, make sure you pick 100% nut butters with no added sugar or extra oils.

Nuts and nut butters are delicious, high-calorie treats. They’re great for you and easy to add to many different snacks or recipes.

5. Red Meats

Red meats are probably one of the best muscle-building foods available.

For example, steak contains around 3 grams of leucine per 6 ounces (170 grams). Leucine is the key amino acid your body needs to stimulate muscle protein synthesis and add new muscle tissue

In addition to this, red meats are one of the best natural sources of dietary creatine, which is possibly the world’s best muscle-building supplement

Consider choosing fattier cuts, which provide more calories than leaner meats, helping you take in extra calories and add weight.

In one study, 100 elderly women added 6 ounces (170 grams) of red meat to their diets and performed resistance training six days a week for six weeks.

The women gained mass, had an 18% increase in strength and an increase in the important muscle-building hormone IGF-1

Both lean and fatty meats are a great source of protein, though fatty meat provides more calories, which can help you gain weight.

Red meat is an excellent source of protein that will help you gain muscle. It contains leucine, an amino acid that helps stimulate muscle protein synthesis. The fattier the meat, the more calories you will take in.

6. Potatoes and Starches

Potatoes and other starchy foods are a very easy and cost-effective way to add in extra calories.

Try to choose one of these healthy sources of starchy carbs:

Potatoes and sweet potatoes
Winter root vegetables
Beans and legumes

Not only do potatoes and other starches add carbs and calories to help you gain weight — they also increase your muscle glycogen stores.

Glycogen is the predominant fuel source for most sports and activities

Many of these carb sources also provide important nutrients and fiber, as well as resistant starch, which can help nourish your gut bacteria

Healthy starches are a great way to get important nutrients and fiber, boost your calorie intake and increase your muscle glycogen stores.

7. Salmon and Oily Fish

Like red meat, salmon and oily fish are excellent sources of protein and important healthy fats.

Out of all the nutrients that salmon and oily fish provide, omega-3 fatty acids are among the most significant and well known.

They offer numerous benefits for your health and fight diseases

Just one 6-ounce (170-gram) fillet of salmon provides around 350 calories and 4 grams of omega-3 fats. The same serving packs 34 grams of high-quality protein, helping you build muscle or gain weight (17).

Salmon and other oily fish are a great source of incredibly healthy omega-3 fats. They also provide high-quality protein to help you build muscle.

8. Protein Supplements

Taking protein supplements is a common strategy for athletes and bodybuilders who want to gain weight.

Whey protein supplements and mass gainers can be a very easy and cost-effective strategy to gain weight, especially when combined with strength training

Some people think whey protein is unhealthy or unnatural, but this isn’t the case. Whey protein is made from dairy and has been shown to improve markers of health and reduce disease risk

It may be even more important if you’re also training since your daily protein requirements increase.

Like meats and other animal products, whey protein contains all the essential amino acids required to stimulate muscle growth

You can use it before or after your workout and at any other point during the day.

If you’d like to try protein supplements, there’s a wide variety available on Amazon.

Protein supplements are a simple and affordable addition to your diet to help you increase your protein intake.

9. Dried Fruit

Dried fruit is a high-calorie snack that also provides antioxidants and micronutrients

You can get many different types of dried fruit.

However, they have a very high sugar content and are not ideal for weight loss diets.

On the other hand, this makes them great for gaining weight, especially since they’re convenient to eat and taste great.

While many people think fruits lose most of their nutrients when dried, this isn’t the case. Dried fruits contain lots of fiber and most of their vitamins and minerals remain intact

Try combining some dried fruit with a protein source, such as cuts of meat or a whey protein shake. They also mix well with nuts and natural yogurt, providing a blend of healthy fats, protein and other key nutrients.

Dried fruit is packed with calories, healthy fiber and antioxidants. It’s an easy way to add nutrients and calories to your diet.

10. Whole-Grain Bread

Whole-grain breads are another good carb source to help you gain weight.

You can make some very simple, high-calorie and well-balanced meals by combining bread with protein sources such as eggs, meat and cheese.

When purchasing bread, aim for natural whole-grain and seeded breads. Healthy versions, such as Ezekiel bread, are available in most grocery stores.


Whole-grain breads can be effective to gain weight, especially when combined with a good protein source.

11. Avocados

Avocados are loaded with healthy fats.

Unlike other whole fruits, avocados are fairly calorie-dense and therefore a great food to help you gain weight.

Just one large avocado provides around 322 calories, 29 grams of fat and 17 grams of fiber (28).

Avocados are also high in vitamins, minerals and various beneficial plant compounds.

Try adding avocados to your main meals and other dishes such as omelets or sandwiches.

Avocados are full of healthy fats and nutrients. They’re versatile and can be added to many different meals or eaten on their own.

12. Healthy Cereals

Healthy cereals can be an excellent source of carbs, calories and nutrients.

While you should avoid processed, high-sugar cereals, healthier forms like oatmeal can be a great carb source to add to your diet.

Grain-based cereals and oats also contain beneficial nutrients like fiber and healthy antioxidants

When purchasing cereals, focus on these healthy choices:


Make sure to read the label and avoid cereals with refined grains or added sugar.

Eating cereal can be a great way to gain weight and consume more fiber. However, stick to healthier forms such as oatmeal.

13. Cereal Bars

Some of the healthier cereal bars on the market can be a great snack when you’re on the go.

They are also a good choice before or after a training session since they tend to contain a mix of slow- and fast-digesting carbs.

As with cereals, try to stick to bars made from healthy whole grains. You can also find bars that contain other healthy ingredients, such as dried fruits, nuts or seeds.

As a snack or meal on the go, try combining a cereal bar with other protein sources, such as natural yogurt, boiled eggs, cold cuts of meat or a protein shake.

Stick to cereal bars that have whole grains and other healthy ingredients, such as dried fruit and nuts.

14. Dark Chocolate

High-quality dark chocolate provides a ton of antioxidants and health benefits.

Most people recommend getting dark chocolate with a cocoa content of at least 70%.

Like other high-fat foods, dark chocolate has a very high calorie density, meaning it’s very easy to get many calories from it.

Each 100-gram (3.5-ounce) bar has around 600 calories and is packed with micronutrients and health-promoting compounds, including fiber, magnesium and antioxidants (30Trusted Source).

Dark chocolate is packed with antioxidants and other nutrients, along with plenty of calories to help you gain weight.

15. Cheese

Cheese has been a staple food for centuries.

Like dark chocolate, it’s high in calories and fats. If you eat it in larger quantities, it’s also a very good source of protein (31).

Since cheese is incredibly tasty, you can incorporate it into most dishes and easily add several hundred extra calories.

Summary Cheese is a very good source of protein and rich in healthy fats. Add it to meals if you need a calorie and flavor boost.

16. Whole Eggs

Eggs are one of the healthiest muscle-building foods on the planet. They provide a great combination of high-quality proteins and healthy fats.

It’s also very important to eat the whole egg. In fact, almost all of the beneficial nutrients in eggs are found in the yolk.

As long as you don’t have an intolerance to eggs, there is no need to limit your egg consumption — you can easily eat three eggs per day if you want.

In fact, many athletes or bodybuilders will eat six or more daily.

Eggs are one of the best foods for building muscle. There’s no limit to the number you should eat in a day, and they’re full of nutrients.

17. Full-Fat Yogurt

Full-fat yogurt is another healthy and convenient snack. It has a great nutritional profile, including a well-balanced mix of protein, carbs and fat.

There are numerous snacks and healthy weight-gain recipes based on yogurt. Here are a few:

Yogurt and fruit: Combine 1–2 cups of yogurt with fresh or dried fruit. You can also add nuts, seeds, honey, granola or coconut flakes.

Chocolate peanut butter pudding: Mix 1–2 cups of yogurt with 100% cocoa powder, peanut or any nut butter and a sweetener such as stevia. You can also add a scoop of whey for more protein.

Yogurt parfait: Combine 1–2 cups of yogurt with granola and mixed berries in layers to create a tasty and well-balanced breakfast or healthy snack.

Smoothies: Yogurt is an excellent addition to virtually any smoothie to increase the protein content and give it a more creamy, milkshake-like thickness.

Full-fat yogurt is another ingredient that can help you add healthy fats and protein to your diet. It’s great on its own or as an ingredient that works in many dishes.

18. Healthy Fats and Oils

Healthy fats and oils are some of the most calorie–dense foods on the planet.

Simply adding a tablespoon (15 ml) of oil to sauces, salads and during cooking can quickly add 135 calories.

Healthy oils include extra virgin olive oil, avocado oil and coconut oil.

It’s important to include healthy fats and oils in your diet, particularly if you’re trying to gain weight. Avoid processed vegetable oils and stick to healthy oils such as olive, avocado and coconut oil.

The Bottom Line

The secret behind gaining weight is consistently eating more calories than you need.

Lifting weight is important too, so that the additional calories can be used to build muscle instead of just adding fat.

Incorporate the foods on this list into meals and meal plans that you enjoy and can stick with over the long term.


>> You can get pregnant while pregnant.

In a disturbing twist that goes against everything we learned in sex education, a recent New York Times Q&A confirmed that it’s actually possible for a woman to get pregnant… while she’s already pregnant.

As far-fetched as that sounds, the science on this one actually lines up. In a creepy quirk of the human body, under very exceptional circumstances, a woman can continue to ovulate while pregnant and can conceive another child – something known as ‘superfetation’.

That means a woman can have two foetuses developing inside her at the same time, both at different stages of development. And we sort of wish we could immediately scrub that knowledge from our brains.

Before you panic, this is highly unlikely to happen to you or anyone you know. In fact, according to a paper published in 2008 in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology it’s only happened 10 times in the scientific literature… ever.

Many claims of double pregnancies over the years that have gone on to be debunked, but, according to the researchers, at least 10 of those seem to be the real, evidence-backed deal.

And since that paper came out, there have been a few other cases reported.

In 2009, a couple from Arkansas became pregnant after already conceiving two and a half weeks earlier. Both babies were delivered healthily by c-section on 2 December, with one baby measurably a fortnight more premature than the other.

And in 2015, an Australian couple gave birth to two girls that were 10 days apart in age at birth.

So, how is this even possible? Superfetation is actually quite common in mammals outside of humans, and has been seen in species including rodents, rabbits, horse, sheep, and kangaroos.

Sometimes these mammals have two uteri to facilitate the double pregnancy, or sometimes their menstrual cycle simply continues during pregnancy. It’s even considered a handy reproductive strategy in some species.

But, in humans, superfetation appears to be a very rare accident – that’s because, as soon as a woman becomes pregnant, her body actively blocks a second pregnancy from happening.

“Ordinarily, the release of eggs ceases once a woman is pregnant, and the hormonal and physical changes of pregnancy work together to prevent another conception,” C. Clairborne Ray explained in a New York Times’ science Q&A this week.

But for some reason, in superfetation, a pregnant women still manages to ovulate. A male’s sperm then manages to fertilise that egg, somehow bypassing the the mucus plug that blocks up a woman’s cervix once she’s conceived.

Finally, implantation has to occur – which is an incredibly delicate process even in ordinary pregnancies. And when a woman is already pregnant, her hormones should make the uterus an unfavourable environment for another fertilised egg to implant (not to mention that there wouldn’t be much room).

“In order for superfetation to occur in humans … it would appear that three seemingly impossible things need to happen,” Khalil A. Cassimally reported for Scientific American back in 2011.

“Ovulation must take place during an ongoing pregnancy, semen must somehow find its way through the blocked cervix to the oviduct, via the occupied uterus and finally, the conceptus has to successfully implant itself in an unsuspecting already-occupied uterus.”

Unlike twins – which occur either when a fertilised egg splits into two, or when two eggs are fertilised by two sperm at the same time – superfetation leads to a woman being pregnant with an additional foetus that’s younger than the existing pregnancy.

So far, no cases have been reported of the age gap being greater than a few weeks.

According to the 2008 paper in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, whenever superfetation was confirmed to occur, the two foetuses had a separate amniotic sac. And they differed in size throughout the pregnancy and after birth.

Given the small sample size scientists have to work with, it’s not yet clear why superfetation sometimes occurs, and whether whether there are any risk factors that can increase the odds of the phenomenon.

But Casimally notes that reports of superfetation are more common in women who’ve undergone fertility treatments, which could explain how one or two of those checkpoints get passed.

Despite how rare superfetation is, however, surprisingly, most babies conceived through the strange accident end up surviving.

The main risk is the fact that the babies are still born at the same time, despite their age difference – so one of the babies has the additional challenge of being born premature.

If your brain can handle it, you can find out more about superfetation here and here. The more you know…


Is Exercise Stress?

Exercise in almost any form can act as a stress reliever. Being active can boost your feel-good endorphins and distract you from daily worries.

You know that exercise does your body good, but you’re too busy and stressed to fit it into your routine. Hold on a second — there’s good news when it comes to exercise and stress.

Virtually any form of exercise, from aerobics to yoga, can act as a stress reliever. If you’re not an athlete or even if you’re out of shape, you can still make a little exercise go a long way toward stress management. Discover the connection between exercise and stress relief — and why exercise should be part of your stress management plan.

Exercise And Stress Relief

Exercise increases your overall health and your sense of well-being, which puts more pep in your step every day. But exercise also has some direct stress-busting benefits.

It pumps up your endorphins: Physical activity helps bump up the production of your brain’s feel-good neurotransmitters, called endorphins. Although this function is often referred to as a runner’s high, a rousing game of tennis or a nature hike also can contribute to this same feeling.

It’s meditation in motion: After a fast-paced game of racquetball or several laps in the pool, you’ll often find that you’ve forgotten the day’s irritations and concentrated only on your body’s movements.

As you begin to regularly shed your daily tensions through movement and physical activity, you may find that this focus on a single task, and the resulting energy and optimism, can help you remain calm and clear in everything you do.

It improves your mood: Regular exercise can increase self-confidence, it can relax you, and it can lower the symptoms associated with mild depression and anxiety. Exercise can also improve your sleep, which is often disrupted by stress, depression and anxiety. All of these exercise benefits can ease your stress levels and give you a sense of command over your body and your life.

Put exercise and stress relief to work for you

A successful exercise program begins with a few simple steps.

Consult with your doctor: If you haven’t exercised for some time and you have health concerns, you may want to talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise routine.

Walk before you run: Build up your fitness level gradually. Excitement about a new program can lead to overdoing it and possibly even injury.

For most healthy adults, the Department of Health and Human Services recommends getting at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity (such as brisk walking or swimming) or 75 minutes a week of vigorous aerobic activity (such as running). You also can do a combination of moderate and vigorous activity.

Also, incorporate strength training exercises at least twice a week.

Do what you love: Virtually any form of exercise or movement can increase your fitness level while decreasing your stress. The most important thing is to pick an activity that you enjoy. Examples include walking, stair climbing, jogging, bicycling, yoga, tai chi, gardening, weightlifting and swimming.

Pencil it in: Although your schedule may necessitate a morning workout one day and an evening activity the next, carving out some time to move every day helps you make your exercise program an ongoing priority.

Stick with it

Starting an exercise program is just the first step. Here are some tips for sticking with a new routine or reinvigorating a tired workout:

Set SMART goals: Write down SMART goals — specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-limited goals.

If your primary goal is to reduce stress in your life and recharge your batteries, your specific goals might include committing to walking during your lunch hour three times a week or, if needed, finding a baby sitter to watch your children so that you can slip away to attend a cycling class.

Find a friend: Knowing that someone is waiting for you to show up at the gym or the park can be a powerful incentive. Working out with a friend, co-worker or family member often brings a new level of motivation and commitment to your workouts.

Change up your routine: If you’ve always been a competitive runner, take a look at other less competitive options that may help with stress reduction, such as Pilates or yoga classes. As an added bonus, these kinder, gentler workouts may enhance your running while also decreasing your stress.

Exercise in increments: Even brief bouts of activity offer benefits. For instance, if you can’t fit in one 30-minute walk, try three 10-minute walks instead. Interval training, which entails brief (60 to 90 seconds) bursts of intense activity at almost full effort, is being shown to be a safe, effective and efficient way of gaining many of the benefits of longer duration exercise. What’s most important is making regular physical activity part of your lifestyle.

Whatever you do, don’t think of exercise as just one more thing on your to-do list. Find an activity you enjoy — whether it’s an active tennis match or a meditative meander down to a local park and back — and make it part of your regular routine. Any form of physical activity can help you unwind and become an important part of your approach to easing stress.


Can proteins get you fat? [What you really need]

Along with fats and carbohydrates, protein is an essential nutrient that your body needs to function properly every day. Eating protein does not make you gain weight. However, because protein-rich food isn’t calorie-free, eating it in excess will lead to weight gain. To prevent that protein from settling as fat, monitor your total calorie intake and cut down if necessary.

How Weight Gain Works

Both weight gain and weight loss have to do with the number of calories you burn every day versus the number you consume. If you consistently burn more calories than you eat, you’ll lose weight gradually. If you eat more than you burn, however, you’ll put on weight – whether or not those extra calories come from carbs, fat or protein. Eating an excess of 3,500 calories, and not using them for energy, will equal one pound of weight gained.

High-Protein Diets

Many high-protein foods and protein supplements are marketed as weight loss aids, so it seems counterintuitive that they could actually cause weight gain. The problem lies in overdoing it. “Consuming too much protein can actually make losing weight more difficult, especially if you drink protein shakes in addition to your usual diet,” writes Mayo Clinic nutritionist Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D. . You may even be worse off if you eschew supplements in favor of protein-rich foods, since many are high in calories, cholesterol, sodium and saturated fat.

Research Results

According to 2012 research published in the “Journal of the American Medical Association”, subjects following a high-calorie, high-protein diet gained about twice as much weight during an eight-week trial period as subjects who ate a low-protein, high-calorie diet. However, body fat increased uniformly across all test groups, which led researchers to conclude that excess calories are responsible for fat gain rather than excess protein.


In other clinical trials, subjects following high-protein diets have lost significantly more weight than subjects eating low-protein diets. For example, in a 2010 study from scientists at the University of Ulm, participants who ate diets rich in protein and used high-protein meal replacements lost more weight and fat mass than those who ate a diet with more conventional protein amounts. However, all subjects in the study were following reduced-calorie diets, which is key. If you want to increase your own protein intake without gaining weight, consult a dietitian or your doctor for advice and keep a food journal to track the number of calories you eat.


43+ High Proteinous Foods For Weight Loss

High protein foods for weight loss include:

1. Black beans

Black beans are often an inexpensive source of protein. Black beans can be prepared in a variety of ways, making them a very versatile ingredient when preparing meals.

2. Lima beans

Some Lima beans offer about 21 grams (g) of protein per 100 g serving.

3. Corn

Yellow corn has about 15.6 g of protein per cup. Additionally, corn also contains a good amount of fiber and minerals, including calcium.

4. Salmon

Salmon is considered a fatty fish, meaning it is full of omega-3 fatty acids. Salmon is also an excellent source of protein and can help a person feel more satisfied at meals. Salmon may not be as budget-friendly as some other protein options.

5. Potatoes

Potatoes have a reputation as a starchy carb but are good sources of nutrients, including protein. One medium potato with the skin on contains just over 4 g of protein. People should use caution when preparing a potato as the extras that people often put on potatoes can increase the calorie count.

6. Broccoli

One cup of raw broccoli has almost 2.6 g of protein and contains a variety of nutrients such as folate and potassium. This powerhouse veggie only has 31 calories per cup.

7. Cauliflower

Cauliflower has a lot of protein with very few calories. One cup of chopped cauliflower has 27 calories and 2 g of protein.

8. Chinese cabbage

Also known as bok choy, this vegetable gets much of its calories from protein and is full of antioxidants.

9. Eggs

Eggs are an excellent source of protein, nutrients, and healthful fats. A variety of studies have shown that eggs can help people feel more satisfied and stop them overeating. For example, one study found that a group of women who ate eggs instead of bagels for breakfast felt fuller for longer and ate fewer calories throughout the day.

10. Beef

Beef offers high amounts of protein per serving. There is a range of different types of beef to choose from for weight loss. People following a moderate carbohydrate diet should eat lean beef whereas a person on a low-carb diet may eat fattier beef.

11. Chicken breast

Chicken breast is a lean source of protein. The majority of its calories come directly from protein when served without skin. A 136 g skinless chicken breast provides around 26 g of protein.

12. Oats

Oats offer about 17 g of protein per 100g. They are also a source of complex carbohydrates. Raw oats are easy to prepare as oatmeal and people can flavor them with a variety healthful foods, such as fruits and nuts. People should avoid prepared oatmeals as they often contain added sugar.

13. Tuna

Tuna is an excellent and widely available source of protein that also has a low calorie count. Tuna is a lean fish with minimal fat. Add tuna to salads, sandwiches, and snacks. Be careful with additional dressings, such as mayonnaise, as these can add additional, unwanted calories.

14. Tempeh

Tempeh is a popular source of protein for vegetarians and vegans.
Tempeh comes from soybeans, like tofu. However, it has a higher protein count than tofu, offering about 17 g per half cup. Tempeh may not be easy to find, but some grocery stores carry it in the refrigerated vegetarian section.

15. Spirulina

Spirulina is a bacteria that grows in both fresh and salt waters. It offers a variety of nutrients and protein from a small amount of its powdered form.

16. Legumes

Legumes are both high in fiber and protein. This makes them a good choice as part of a weight loss diet because they can be quite filling. Some people may have trouble digesting legumes, however.

17. Hemp seeds

People can use hemp seeds in salads as a substitute for croutons. Hemp seeds offer about 9.5 g of protein per tablespoon. They are fairly easy to find in most grocery stores but can be expensive.

18. Sun-dried tomatoes

Sun-dried tomatoes are an excellent addition to many dishes and are widely available. They offer both a good source of protein, as well as additional nutrients and fiber.

19. Guava

Guava is a tropical fruit that may not be available everywhere. Guava is one of the most protein-rich fruits available. It also offers additional nutrients, such as vitamin C.

20. Artichokes

Artichokes are high in fiber and offer a good amount of protein. Artichokes are very versatile and are suitable for use in a variety of recipes. Artichokes are typically easy to find in most grocery stores.

21. Peas

Peas are high in protein, fiber, and other nutrients. Peas are inexpensive, easy to find, and can be used in lots of recipes.

22. Bison

Bison meat is another excellent source of protein. Bison is lean meat, offering less fat per serving than beef. Bison is becoming more available, and some people use it as a substitute for beef.

23. Pork

Lean pork is a good source of protein. Pork roasts and tenderloin are good choices for meals. People should avoid processed pork products such as bacon.

24. Turkey

Turkey packs a powerful punch of protein. Boneless turkey can provide about 13 g of protein per 100 g.

25. Chickpeas

Chickpeas are a healthful vegetarian protein that is high in fiber, and full of nutrients that support heart and bone health. They also ward off cancer.

26. Quinoa

Quinoa is one of the only complete sources of vegetarian protein. Quinoa contains all 11 amino acids needed to make a protein complete, making it an excellent choice for vegetarians, vegans, and those who do not eat a lot of meat.

27. Greek yogurt

Plain, low-fat Greek yogurt packs as much as 19 g of protein in a 200g pot. People looking to lose weight should limit or avoid Greek yogurt that contains added sugar. People should opt for the plain versions instead and jazz it up with some fruit or seeds.

28. Cottage cheese

This dairy product has an abundance of protein. It also offers a healthful serving of calcium and other nutrients.

29. Almonds

Nuts have a reputation for being high calorie but with a little bit of portion control, dry roasted or raw almonds can make for a filling, protein-rich snack.

30. Milk

Cow’s milk is an excellent source of protein for people that can tolerate drinking milk. An 8 ounce serving of milk contains 8 g of protein.

31. Lentils

Lentils pack a hefty dose of plant protein and fiber. They are very affordable and may promote heart health.

32. Pumpkin seeds

Pumpkin seeds are full of protein and minerals, such as magnesium and selenium. People looking to lose weight should stay away from oil roasted pumpkin seeds and choose dry roasted seeds, instead.

Avocados contain healthy fats, as well as protein.

33. Avocado

Avocados not only contain protein and heart healthful unsaturated fat, but they also contain good levels of fiber and nutrients, such as potassium.

Portion control is necessary, however, since avocados are very calorie dense.

34. Pistachios

Pistachios are a reasonably low calorie nut that contain a big serving of protein.

One ounce of pistachios contains about 6 g of protein and a wealth of other nutrients including a high dose of B-6.

35. Chia seeds

This tiny seed packs more than 5 g of protein per ounce, along with omega-3s, fiber, and calcium. Vegans often use chia seeds as an egg substitute, and many people enjoy adding them to smoothies or salads for extra health benefits.

36. Nut butters

Nut butters, including peanut butter, contain a lot of calories, but a portion-controlled serving can add unsaturated fat and a dose of protein to a person’s diet. People wanting to eat nut butters healthily should stick to those with no added sugars or oils.

37. Halibut

This white fish is an excellent source of lean protein with nearly 30 g of protein in half a fillet.

38. Asparagus

Asparagus gets over one quarter of its calories from protein. It is also full of nutrients, including B vitamins and is low in carbohydrates.

39. Watercress

This cruciferous vegetable grows in water, has a surprisingly high protein content, and contains a full day’s worth of vitamin K. Adding some watercress to salads can really maximize its health benefits.

40. Brussel sprouts

Brussel sprouts are full of protein, fiber, and vitamins. A one cup serving contains almost 3 g of protein.

41. Spelt

Spelt is a type of hulled wheat that has a very high protein content. It has risen in popularity and is often available with the specialty flours.

42. Teff

Teff is a grass that is often ground down to make flour. This gluten-free food has a fairly high protein content with about 13 g of protein per 100 g serving.

43. Whey protein powder

Whey protein powder is used by many bodybuilders and athletes as a supplement to help increase muscle mass and strength. This powder is made from the proteins found in the liquid part of milk and can add a substantial amount of protein to a person’s diet.

It is essential for people to read the labels because whey proteins are often full of sugar.


12 things you won’t believe is causing belly fat

1. Sugary Foods and Beverages

Many people take in more sugar every day than they realize.

High-sugar foods include cakes and candies, along with so-called “healthier” choices like muffins and frozen yogurt. Soda, flavored coffee drinks and sweet tea are among the most popular sugar-sweetened beverages.

Observational studies have shown a link between high sugar intake and excess belly fat. This may be largely due to the high fructose content of added sugars (3Trusted Source, 4Trusted Source, 5Trusted Source).

Both regular sugar and high-fructose corn syrup are high in fructose. Regular sugar has 50% fructose and high-fructose corn syrup has 55% fructose.

In a controlled 10-week study, overweight and obese people who consumed 25% of calories as fructose-sweetened beverages on a weight-maintaining diet experienced a decrease in insulin sensitivity and an increase in belly fat (6Trusted Source).

A second study reported a reduction in fat burning and metabolic rate among people who followed a similar high-fructose diet (7Trusted Source).

Although too much sugar in any form may lead to weight gain, sugar-sweetened beverages may be especially problematic. Sodas and other sweet drinks make it easy to consume large doses of sugar in a very short period of time.

What’s more, studies have shown that liquid calories don’t have the same effects on appetite as calories from solid foods. When you drink your calories, it doesn’t make you feel full so you don’t compensate by eating less of other foods instead (8Trusted Source, 9Trusted Source).

Frequently consuming foods and beverages high in sugar or high-fructose corn syrup may cause belly fat gain.

2. Alcohol
Alcohol can have both healthful and harmful effects.

When consumed in moderate amounts, especially as red wine, it may lower your risk of heart attacks and strokes (10).

However, high alcohol intake may lead to inflammation, liver disease and other health problems (11Trusted Source).

Some studies have shown that alcohol suppresses fat burning and that excess calories from alcohol are partly stored as belly fat — hence the term “beer belly” (12Trusted Source).

Studies have linked high alcohol intake to weight gain around the middle. One study found that men who consumed more than three drinks per day were 80% more likely to have excess belly fat than men who consumed less alcohol (13Trusted Source, 14Trusted Source).

The quantity of alcohol consumed within a 24-hour period also appears to play a role.

In another study, daily drinkers who consumed less than one drink per day tended to have the least abdominal fat, while those who drank less often but consumed four or more drinks on “drinking days” were most likely to have excess belly fat (15Trusted Source).

Heavy alcohol consumption increases risk of several diseases and is linked to excess belly fat.

3. Trans Fats
Trans fats are the unhealthiest fats on the planet.

They’re created by adding hydrogen to unsaturated fats in order to make them more stable.

Trans fats are often used to extend the shelf lives of packaged foods, such as muffins, baking mixes and crackers.

Trans fats have been shown to cause inflammation. This can lead to insulin resistance, heart disease and various other diseases (16Trusted Source, 17, 18Trusted Source, 19Trusted Source).

There are also some animal studies suggesting that diets containing trans fats may cause excess belly fat (20Trusted Source, 21Trusted Source).

At the end of a 6-year study, monkeys fed an 8% trans fat diet gained weight and had 33% more abdominal fat than monkeys fed an 8% monounsaturated fat diet, despite both groups receiving just enough calories to maintain their weight (21Trusted Source).

Trans fats increase inflammation that may drive insulin resistance and the accumulation of belly fat.

4. Inactivity
A sedentary lifestyle is one of the biggest risk factors for poor health (22Trusted Source).

Over the past few decades, people have generally become less active. This has likely played a role in the rising rates of obesity, including abdominal obesity.

A major survey from 1988-2010 in the US found that there was a significant increase in inactivity, weight and abdominal girth in men and women (23Trusted Source).

Another observational study compared women who watched more than three hours of TV per day to those who watched less than one hour per day.

The group that watched more TV had almost twice the risk of “severe abdominal obesity” compared to the group that watched less TV (24Trusted Source).

One study also suggests that inactivity contributes to the regain of belly fat after losing weight.

In this study, researchers reported that people who performed resistance or aerobic exercise for 1 year after losing weight were able to prevent abdominal fat regain, while those who did not exercise had a 25–38% increase in belly fat (25Trusted Source).

Inactivity may promote an increase in belly fat. Resistance and aerobic exercise may prevent abdominal fat regain after weight loss.

5. Low-Protein Diets
Getting adequate dietary protein is one of the most important factors in preventing weight gain.

High-protein diets make you feel full and satisfied, increase your metabolic rate and lead to a spontaneous reduction in calorie intake (26Trusted Source, 27Trusted Source).

In contrast, low protein intake may cause you to gain belly fat over the long term.

Several large observational studies suggest that people who consume the highest amount of protein are the least likely to have excess belly fat (28Trusted Source, 29Trusted Source, 30Trusted Source).

In addition, animal studies have found that a hormone known as neuropeptide Y (NPY) leads to increased appetite and promotes belly fat gain. Your levels of NPY increase when your protein intake is low (31Trusted Source, 32Trusted Source, 33Trusted Source).

Low protein intake may drive hunger and belly fat gain. It may also increase the hunger hormone neuropeptide Y.
Take our free 3-question diet quiz
Our free assessment ranks the best diets for you based on your answers to 3 quick questions.

6. Menopause
Gaining belly fat during menopause is extremely common.

At puberty, the hormone estrogen signals the body to begin storing fat on the hips and thighs in preparation for a potential pregnancy. This subcutaneous fat isn’t harmful, although it can be extremely difficult to lose in some cases (34Trusted Source).

Menopause officially occurs one year after a woman has her last menstrual period.

Around this time, her estrogen levels drop dramatically, causing fat to be stored in the abdomen, rather than on the hips and thighs (35Trusted Source, 36Trusted Source).

Some women gain more belly fat at this time than others. This may partly be due to genetics, as well as the age at which menopause starts. One study found that women who complete menopause at a younger age tend to gain less abdominal fat (37Trusted Source).

Hormonal changes at menopause result in a shift in fat storage from the hips and thighs to visceral fat in the abdomen.

7. The Wrong Gut Bacteria
Hundreds of types of bacteria live in your gut, mainly in your colon. Some of these bacteria benefit health, while others can cause problems.

The bacteria in your gut are also known as your gut flora or microbiome. Gut health is important for maintaining a healthy immune system and avoiding disease.

An imbalance in gut bacteria increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases (38Trusted Source).

There’s also some research suggesting that having an unhealthy balance of gut bacteria may promote weight gain, including abdominal fat.

Researchers have found that obese people tend to have greater numbers of Firmicutes bacteria than people of normal weight. Studies suggest that these types of bacteria may increase the amount of calories that are absorbed from food (39Trusted Source, 40Trusted Source).

One animal study found that bacteria-free mice gained significantly more fat when they received fecal transplants of bacteria associated with obesity, compared with mice that received bacteria linked to leanness (40Trusted Source).

Studies on lean and obese twins and their mothers have confirmed that there is a common “core” of shared flora among families that may influence weight gain, including where the weight is stored (41Trusted Source).

Having an imbalance of gut bacteria may cause weight gain, including belly fat.

8. Fruit Juice
Fruit juice is a sugary beverage in disguise.

Even unsweetened 100% fruit juice contains a lot of sugar.

In fact, 8 oz (250 ml) of apple juice and cola each contain 24 grams of sugar. The same amount of grape juice packs a whopping 32 grams of sugar (42, 43, 44).

Although fruit juice provides some vitamins and minerals, the fructose it contains can drive insulin resistance and promote belly fat gain (45Trusted Source).

What’s more, it’s another source of liquid calories that’s easy to consume too much of, yet still fails to satisfy your appetite in the same way as solid food (8Trusted Source, 9Trusted Source).

Fruit juice is a high-sugar beverage that can promote insulin resistance and belly fat gain if you drink too much of it.

9. Stress and Cortisol
Cortisol is a hormone that’s essential for survival.

It’s produced by the adrenal glands and is known as a “stress hormone” because it helps your body to mount a stress response.

Unfortunately, it can lead to weight gain when produced in excess, especially in the abdominal region.

In many people, stress drives overeating. But instead of the excess calories being stored as fat all over the body, cortisol promotes fat storage in the belly (46Trusted Source, 47Trusted Source).

Interestingly, women who have large waists in proportion to their hips have been found to secrete more cortisol when stressed (48Trusted Source).

The hormone cortisol, which is secreted in response to stress, may lead to increased abdominal fat. This is particularly true in women with higher waist-to-hip ratios.

10. Low-Fiber Diets
Fiber is incredibly important for good health and controlling your weight.

Some types of fiber can help you feel full, stabilize hunger hormones and reduce calorie absorption from food (49Trusted Source, 50).

In an observational study of 1,114 men and women, soluble fiber intake was associated with reduced abdominal fat. For each 10-gram increase in soluble fiber there was a 3.7% decrease in belly fat accumulation (51Trusted Source).

Diets high in refined carbs and low in fiber appear to have the opposite effect on appetite and weight gain, including increases in belly fat (52Trusted Source, 53Trusted Source, 54Trusted Source).

One large study found that high-fiber whole grains were associated with reduced abdominal fat, while refined grains were linked to increased abdominal fat (54Trusted Source).

A diet that is low in fiber and high in refined grains may lead to increased amounts of belly fat.

11. Genetics
Genes play a major role in obesity risk (55Trusted Source).

Similarly, it appears that the tendency to store fat in the abdomen is partly influenced by genetics (56Trusted Source, 57Trusted Source, 58Trusted Source).

This includes the gene for the receptor that regulates cortisol and the gene that codes for the leptin receptor, which regulates calorie intake and weight (58Trusted Source).

In 2014, researchers identified three new genes associated with increased waist-to-hip ratio and abdominal obesity, including two that were found only in women (59Trusted Source).

However, much more research needs to be conducted in this area.

Genes appear to play a role in high waist-to-hip ratios and storage of excess calories as belly fat.

12. Not Enough Sleep
Getting enough sleep is crucial for your health.

Many studies have also linked inadequate sleep with weight gain, which may include abdominal fat (60Trusted Source, 61Trusted Source, 62Trusted Source).

One large study followed over 68,000 women for 16 years.

Those who slept 5 hours or less per night were 32% more likely to gain 32 lbs (15 kg) than those who slept at least 7 hours (63Trusted Source).

Sleep disorders may also lead to weight gain. One of the most common disorders, sleep apnea, is a condition in which breathing stops repeatedly during the night due to soft tissue in the throat blocking the airway.

In one study, researchers found that obese men with sleep apnea had more abdominal fat than obese men without the disorder (64Trusted Source).

Short sleep or poor-quality sleep may lead to weight gain, including belly fat accumulation.


Natural ways to unblock clogged ears [No stress] ..

Your ears are one of the most important sensory organs that connect you to the rest of the world.

Clogged ears cause irritation as well as pain and may disrupt your everyday activities. This ear infection can also disrupt the balance, affect one’s hearing, and can also cause pain and discomfort. Incase you don’t understand what a clogged ear is, there are some signs and symptoms you should look out for.

Some of them are sensation of pressure in the ears, muffled hearing, ear pain, earache, a feeling of fullness in the affected ear, decreased hearing, and many more.

You don’t have to go to the hospital to unblock clogged ears, you can fix it right in your home. Here are some homemade remedies you can use.

1. Gargle salt water

Gargling with salt water helps to ease symptoms of clogged ears [Shutterstock]Shutterstock
Gargling with salt water helps to ease symptoms of clogged ears [Shutterstock]

Gargling with salt water may help prevent upper respiratory infections. It can also help ease symptoms of nasal congestion and clogged ears associated with a cold or flu. All you need to do is add a teaspoon of table salt to a glass of warm water.

Mix well and gargle with the solution. You can do this multiple times daily.

2. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which can heal [Courtesy]
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which can heal [Courtesy]
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid, which can heal chronic suppurative otitis media. It also possesses antimicrobial properties that can help with a cold or flu that may have contributed to your clogged ears.

Mix one tablespoon each of apple cider vinegar and distilled water. Using a dropper, pour three to four drops of the solution in the affected ear. Cover the ear using a cotton ball and tilt your head to the opposite side. Stay in the position for about 5 minutes then remove the cotton. You can do this 1-2 times daily.

3. Passive techniques

Let out a yawn until you hear a pop in your ears [ece-auto-gen]
Let out a yawn until you hear a pop in your ears [ece-auto-gen]
If you are on your way out and your ears are blocked, some passive techniques can help you unblock your clogged ears. They are;

+ Yawning – Let out a yawn until you hear a pop in your ears. It will clear the pressure built up inside your ears.
+ Swallowing – Swallowing can also help clear blocked ears in an elevated area.
+ Chewing – Chewing gum can also help to open up your ear passage.


Lassa Fever: 4 Cases reported in kano

Commissioner for Health in Kano State, Ibrahim Tsanyawa, has said four persons have been diagnosed with Lassa Fever in the state.

He confirmed this during a press briefing on Wednesday, the News agency of Nigeria reports.

The commissioner said the existence of the disease in the state came to light on Tuesday.

He said, “A pregnant woman, who had a caesarean session at AKTH in December, was said to be a carrier of the disease and had died.

“Subsequent to that, one of the doctors and a health worker that carried out the CS on the woman also died, while another doctor is under care at the Isolation Centre at Yargaya area of Kano.

“The consultant, who took charge of the pregnant woman when she was moved to the Intensive Care Unit of AKTH also died of the same symptoms.”

He said there would be daily meetings to keep all stakeholders updated about the situation.


Universal cancer cure discovered – Scientists

Scientists have discovered a new “killer immune cell” that could be used as a “universal” cancer cure.

Researchers at Cardiff University discovered a “T-cell” found in human blood that recognises and kills many types of cancer while ignoring healthy cells. The researchers suggest the cell could be used to develop a “one-size-fits-all” cancer treatment.

T-cell therapies for cancer – where immune cells are removed, modified and returned to the patient’s blood to seek and destroy cancer cells – are the latest paradigm in cancer treatments. The most widely used is known as CAR-T and is personalised to each patient. However, it only targets a limited number of cancers and has not been successful for solid tumours, which make up the majority of cancers.

Immune cell that destroys most types of cancer discovered, and scientists are hopeful it could be used to develop a

But scientists have now discovered T-cells equipped with a new type of T-cell receptor (TCR) which can distinguish between healthy and diseased cells – only killing only the cancerous ones, Metri UK reports.

Professor Andrew Sewell, lead author on the study from Cardiff University’s School of Medicine, said it was “highly unusual” to find a TCR with such broad cancer specificity and this raised the prospect of universal cancer therapy.

He added: “We hope this new TCR may provide us with a different route to target and destroy a wide range of cancers in all individuals.

“Current TCR-based therapies can only be used in a minority of patients with a minority of cancers.

“Cancer-targeting via MR1-restricted T-cells is an exciting new frontier – it raises the prospect of a ‘one-size-fits-all’ cancer treatment; a single type of T-cell that could be capable of destroying many different types of cancers across the population.

“Previously nobody believed this could be possible.”

Immune cell that destroys most types of cancer discovered, and scientists are hopeful it could be used to develop a

Conventional T-cells scan the surface of other cells to find anomalies and eliminate cancerous cells, but ignore cells that contain only “normal” proteins. The scanning recognises small parts of cellular proteins that are bound to cell-surface molecules called human leukocyte antigen (HLA), allowing killer T-cells to see what is occurring inside cells by scanning their surface. But the study, published in Nature Immunology, describes a unique TCR that can recognise many types of cancer via a single HLA-like molecule called MR1. Unlike HLA, MR1 is does not vary in the human population – meaning it is a hugely attractive new target for immunotherapies.

In the lab, T-cells equipped with the new TCR were shown to kill lung, skin, blood, colon, breast, bone, prostate, ovarian, kidney and cervical cancer cells, while ignoring healthy cells.

To test the therapeutic potential of these cells in vivo, the researchers injected T-cells able to recognise MR1 into mice bearing human cancer and with a human immune system.

Scientists say this showed encouraging cancer-clearing, comparable to the now NHS-approved CAR-T therapy in a similar animal model.

They were also able to demonstrate that T-cells of melanoma patients modified to express this new TCR could destroy not only the patient’s own cancer cells, but also other patients’ cancer cells in the laboratory, regardless of the patient’s HLA type.

The researchers are now experimenting to determine the precise molecular mechanism by which the new TCR distinguishes between healthy cells and cancer. They hope to trial the new approach in patients towards the end of the year.