Nigeria suffers highest inflation rate in 2 years – NBS


Nigeria’s headline inflation rate rose to 12.82 per cent year-on-year in July, indicating an increase of 0.26% from the figure recorded in June.

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) disclosed this in its Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Inflation report for last month, published on Monday.

It is the highest so far reported in the country in the last 27 months, as the prices of food and medical supplies continue to surge amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

The CPI measures the average change over time in prices of goods and services consumed by people for day-to-day living i.e it measures the inflation rate. Source: NBS

According to it, increases were recorded in all Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP) divisions that yielded the headline index.


The latest data from the agency indicates that the headline index increased by 1.25 per cent from the 1.21 per cent recorded the previous month, on a month-on-month basis.

“The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending July 2020 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 12.05 percent, representing a 0.15 percent point increase from 11.90 percent recorded in June 2020,” the report said.

Similarly, food inflation rose to 15.48 per cent compared to 15.18 per cent recorded in June, as a result of increases in the prices of bread and cereals, potatoes, yam and other tubers, meat, fruits, oils and fats.


Meanwhile, the urban inflation rate increased to 13.40 per cent year-on-year from 13.18 per cent recorded in June 2020, while the rural inflation increased to 12.28 percent in July from 11.99 per cent in the previous month.

On a month-on-month basis, the NBS disclosed that the urban index rose by 1.27 per cent in July 2020, up by 0.04 per cent from 1.23 per cent recorded in June 2020, just as the rural index also increased by 1.23 per cent in July 2020, up by 0.04 per cent from the figure recorded in June (1.19 per cent).

“The corresponding twelve-month year-on-year average percentage change for the urban index was 12.66 per cent in July 2020.

“This is higher than 12.50 per cent reported in June 2020, while the corresponding rural inflation rate in July 2020 is 11.49 per cent compared to 11.36 per cent recorded in June 2020,” the report added.